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Part 5 of 6
Updated: 04/15/2021

Table of Contents

181-THE TWO GREAT DIRECTIVES  Mark 12:28-34  Mt 22:34-40
182-CAN DAVID'S SON BE LORD  Matthew 22:41-46  Mk 12:35-37  Lk 20:41-44
183-CALL NO MAN TEACHER, FATHER  Matthew 23:1-12  Mk 12:38-40  Lk 20:45-47
184-WOES UPON THE HYPOCRITES  Matthew 23:13-22,29-36
185-THE WIDOW'S COINS GIVEN  Mark 12:41-44  Lk 21:1-4
186-NOT ONE STONE UPON ANOTHER  Matthew 24:1,2  Mk 13:1,2  Lk 21:5,6
187-THREE BIG QUESTIONS  Matthew 24:3  Mk 13:3,4  Lk 21:7
188-ANSWER TO FIRST QUESTION  Matthew 24:4-8  Mk 13:5-8  Lk 21:8-11
189-STANDING BEFORE COUNCILS  Mark 13:9-11  Mt 10:16-23  Lk 21:12-15
190-THE END OF THE POLITICAL AGE  Matthew 24:9-14  Mk 13:12,13  Lk 21:16-19
191-THE DESTRUCTION OF JERUSALEM  Matthew 24:15-22  Mk 13:14-20  Lk 21:20-24
192-GOD AS SON OF MAN REVEALED  Luke 17:22-25  Mt 24:23-28  Mk 13:21-23
193-THE SIGN OF THE SON OF MAN  Matthew 24:29-31  Mk 13:24-27  Lk 21:25-28
194-ANSWER OF THE FIG TREE  Matthew 24:32-35  Mk 13:28-31  Lk 21:29-33
195-THE TIME OF GOD'S GLORY  Matthew 24:36-44  Mk 13:32-37  Lk 17:26-37
196-PARABLE OF UNFAITHFUL SERVANT   Luke 12:41-48  Mt 24:45-51
198-FEET ANOINTED AT SIMON'S  Luke 7:36-50  Mk 14:3-9  Mt 26:6-13
199-PLOTTING TO KILL YESHUA  Matthew 26:1-5,14-16  Mk 14:1,2,10,11  Lk 22:1-6
200-PREPARING THE UPPER ROOM  Mark 14:12-16, Mt 26:17-19  Lk 22:7-13
201-THE LAST SUPPER  Luke 22:14-18
202-JUDAS' BETRAYAL FORETOLD  Matthew 26:20-25  Mk 14:17-21  Lk 22:21-23
203-BREAD EATEN, WINE DRUNK  Matthew 26:26-29  Mk 14:22-25  Lk 22:19,20
205-DISCIPLES FALLING AWAY FORETOLD  Matthew 26:30-35  Mk 14:26-31  Lk 22:31-34
207-PRAYING IN GETHSEMANE  Matthew 26:36-46  Mk 14:32-42  Lk 22:39-46

Mark 12:28-34  Mt 22:34-40  And one of the scholars, a lawyer, coming up and hearing them disputing with one another and understanding that he answered the Sadducees well, asked him, "Which is the primary directive of all in the scriptures?"  Yeshua answered, "The first of all is, 'Hear, Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one; and you shall love the Lord your God from all your heart, and from all your psyche, and from all your mind, and from all your strength.'  This is the first directive, and the second like this one, 'You shall love your neighbor as yourself.'  No other directive is greater than these.  In these two directives hang all the law and the prophets."
     And the scholar said to him, "Excellently said, Teacher; by truth you have said that God is one, and there is no other besides; and to love him from all the heart, and from all the understanding, and from all the psyche, and from all the strength, and to love one's neighbor as oneself, is more than all the burnt offerings and sacrifices."  And Yeshua, seeing that he answered intelligently, said to him, "You are not far from the kingship of God."  Then no one dared to question him any further.

Commentary: There are two slightly different meanings that can be taken from the Greek word: Commandment and Directive. The first is generally understood more legalistically, where a violated law is backed up by intentional punishment, and a violated directive is backed by failure to be effective or successful.
     The larger issue is whether by answering the question, Yeshua was endorsing the Old Testament "law and the prophets". We should know from his more reliable teachings he was not doing that, except that his distillations  are generally good directives.
     The scholar showed unusually good insight in making the spiritual judgment that following these principles was more valuable than all of the burnt offerings and sacrifices. For that religious culture, that was saying something.  

Matthew 22:41-46  Mk 12:35-37  Lk 20:41-44  With the Pharisees having been assembled, Yeshua questioned them, saying, "What does it seem to you{pl} about the Christ?  Whose son is he?"  They say to him, "Of David."  He said to them, "How then does David, inspired by the Spirit, call him Lord, saying,

'The Lord said to my Lord,
 Sit on my right,
 until I put your enemies as a footstool at your feet'!

If then, David calls him Lord, how is he his son?"  And no one was able to answer him a word, nor from that day did any one dare to question him further.  But the large crowd heard him gladly.

Commentary: This is one of the times that Yeshua went on the offensive in terms of asking theological questions, and according to the last paragraph put an end to the strategy of trying to discredit him based on his answers to their loaded questions.

Matthew 23:1-12  Mk 12:38-40  Lk 20:45-47  Then Yeshua spoke to the crowd and his disciples, saying,  "The theologians and the Pharisees sat on the seat of Moses; so, pay attention to and consider what they say, but not what they do; for they preach, but do not do.  For they bind heavy burdens, hard to bear, and lay them on the shoulders of men; but they do not want to move their finger.  But they do all their deeds to be seen by men; therefore they broaden their phylacteries and lengthen the fringes of their garments, and they love the best couches at feasts and the chief seats in the synagogues, and salutations in the market places, and being called 'Teacher' by men.  Beware of these theologians devouring houses of widows and praying long for a pretense.  These will receive a more severe justice.
     "But you{pl} are not to be called 'Teacher', for one teacher is your leader, the Christ, and you{pl} are all brothers.  And call no one on earth your father, for one is your Father, the one in the heavens.  Neither be called leaders, for one is your leader, the Christ.  But the greater among you{pl} shall be your servant, for whoever will exalt himself shall be humbled, and whoever will humble himself shall be exalted."

Commentary: Late in his ministry after setting his face to induce the religious officials and leaders towards crucifying him, he further fanned their animosity by reiterating this list of their major hypocritical activities, and made them look really bad in the eyes of the people.
     And then he elucidated an important principle, that the true follower will not have a formal teacher or leader, nor will he accept the mentality or role of a formal teacher and leader. He will not do this BECAUSE it is in his own best interest to serve without the burden of formal leadership.

Matthew 23:13-22,29-36  "But woe to you{pl}, theologians and Pharisees, hypocrites! because you{pl} shut the kingship of the heavens before men; for you{pl} do not enter yourselves, nor allow those going in to enter.  Woe to you{pl}, theologians and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you{pl} devour the houses of the widows, and for a pretense are praying long, therefore you{pl} receive the more condemnation.  Woe to you{pl}, theologians and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you{pl} travel sea and land to make one proselyte, and when he becomes, you{pl} make him a son of Gehenna twice as much as yourselves.
     "Woe to you{pl}, blind guides, those saying, 'Whoever swears by the temple, it is nothing; but whoever swears by the gold of the temple is a bound one.'  Blind fools!  For which is greater, the gold or the temple sanctifying the gold?  And, 'If any one swears by the altar, it is nothing; but whoever swears by the gift upon it is a bound one.'  Blind fools! For which is greater, the gift or the altar sanctifying the gift?  So then, he swearing by the altar, swears by it and by everything on it; and he swearing by the temple, swears by it and by him who dwells in it; and the one swearing by heaven, swears by the throne of God and by the one sitting upon it.
     "Woe to you{pl}, theologians and Pharisees, hypocrites! because you{pl} build the tombs of the prophets and decorate the monuments of the reasonable, and say, 'If we had lived in the days of our fathers, we would not have been sharers with them in the blood of the prophets.'  Thus you{pl} witness against yourselves that you{pl} are sons of those murdering the prophets, and you{pl} fill up, then, the measure of your fathers.
     "You{pl} serpents!  You{pl} brood of vipers!  How do you{pl} escape the fate of Gehenna?  Therefore behold, I send you{pl} prophets and wise men and scholars, and some of them you{pl} will kill and crucify, and some of them you{pl} will scourge in your synagogues and persecute from village to village, so that all the righteous blood shed on earth comes upon you{pl}, from the blood of innocent Abel to the blood of Zechariah the son of Barachiah, whom you{pl} murdered between the sanctuary and the altar.  Truly, I say to you{pl}, all these things will come upon this generation.

Commentary: More legitimate criticism from Yeshua directed toward the religious leadership of Israel, using their own beliefs, practices and logic, showing how inconsistent it all was.

Mark 12:41-44  Lk 21:1-4  Sitting opposite the treasury and looking up, Yeshua watched how the multitude cast copper coins into the treasury.  Many rich people put in a lot.  And he also saw a certain poor widow coming and putting in two copper coins, which make a penny.  And having called his disciples near, he said to them, "Truly, I tell you{pl}, this poor widow has put in more than all those casting into the treasury.  For they all cast out of their abundance; but out of all her poverty, she had put in as much as her livelihood."

Commentary: This passage is often used for making people feel guilty and motivating them to sacrifice for God's work, yet Yeshua is NOT advocating this but merely observing between the two types of donors.

Matthew 24:1,2  Mk 13:1,2  Lk 21:5,6  Going forth Yeshua left the temple, and his disciples came up to him to show him the temple buildings.  One of his disciples said to him, "Look, Teacher, what wonderful stones and what wonderful buildings!"  But Yeshua answering said to him, "You see all these great buildings?  Truly, I say to you, the days will come when in no way will be left one stone upon another, that will not be thrown down."

Commentary: This literally took place at the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 C.E. when the temple was torched by the Roman soldiers and the temple stones were pried apart to recover the melted gold that had flowed into the crevices.

Matthew 24:3  Mk 13:3,4  Lk 21:7  As he was sitting on the Mount of Olives, Peter and James and John and Andrew came up to him and asked him privately, saying, "Tell us, when will this be, and what will be the sign of your coming into public prominence and of the close of the age?"

Commentary: Out of these three separate questions the first very specific question relates to the destruction of Jerusalem and the temple, which he had just talked about, and which would signal the end of that political and religious age.
     The Greek word used in the second question is "Parousia", which means being in the public presence and coming into public prominence, being on public display or the coming into glory.  The "Parousia", for God as Yeshua, took place at the crucifixion and the resurrection, which included the resurrection of a number of deceased believers looking forward to this climactic event.
     The third is really a composite question of two parts, referring to the previous questions. An "Age" is not a quantitative period of time. It is a qualitative period of time which begins with an overwhelmingly significant event or series of events which changes irrevocably the pertinent "landscape", whether that be geological, political, spiritual or social. An "Age" closes with another overwhelmingly significant event which ushers in a new age.  For the Jews the closing of the political age took place with the end of Jerusalem as a center of Jewish government and whatever political authority they had in conjunction with Roman authority.  The closing of the spiritual age, of course, took place at the crucifixion and resurrection, which included the words of Yeshua, "It is finished".  The following answers of Yeshua really only refer to these two specific questions.

Matthew 24:4-8  Mk 13:5-8  Lk 21:8-11  Answering, Yeshua said to them, "Watch, that no one leads you{pl} astray.  For many will come in my name, saying, 'I am the Christ,'  and, 'The time is at hand!' and they will lead many astray.  Do not go after them.  And you{pl} will be about to hear of wars and rumors of wars; watch, that you{pl} are not alarmed; it is right for all this to happen, for these must take place, but the end is not yet.  For nation will be raised against nation, and kingdom against kingdom, and there will be famines and earthquakes in various places; and there will be terrors and great signs from heaven; all these are but the beginning of the birth‑pangs.

Commentary: "The end is not yet" is addressing the end of the political age, the object of the first question. "Nation will be raised against nation" is Israel against Rome. The various signs and wonders took place at the death of Yeshua on Calvary. There was a great earthquake, the sun's light failed for three hours, and the inner curtain of the Temple was torn from top to bottom, laying open the Most Holy Place.
     "Beginning of the birth‑pangs" refers to the birth of a new spiritual age, one more important than any previous one. That is our age which will close with the inauguration of the Kingship of the heavens, which will usher in the age of justice.

Mark 13:9-11  Mt 10:16-23  Lk 21:12-15  "Behold, I send you out as sheep among wolves; so be wise as serpents and innocent as doves. Watch yourselves, for before all these things they will lay their hands on you{pl}; for they will deliver you{pl} up to councils; and you{pl} will be beaten in synagogues; and you{pl} will be led before rulers and kings for my sake, but this will return to you{pl} as a testimony.  Put it therefore in your minds, not to premeditate on how to make a defense; for I will give you{pl} a mouth and wisdom, which all those opposing you{pl} will not be able to withstand or contradict.  For the gospel must first be proclaimed to all nations.  And when they bring you{pl} to trial and deliver you{pl} up, do not be anxious beforehand what you{pl} are to say; but say whatever is given you{pl} in that hour, for you{pl} are not the ones speaking, but the God Spirit.

Commentary: Let us remember that to Yeshua the Gospel is the good news of his having brought the way to enter the Kingship of the heavens. The statement "For the gospel must first be proclaimed to all nations" is NOT a mandate for the disciples, but a condition that was fulfilled on the cross.
     "wise as serpents" and "innocent as doves" may have been cultural idioms.

Matthew 24:9-14  Mk 13:12,13  Lk 21:16-19  "And then many will stumble, and betray one another, and hate one another.  And many false prophets will arise and lead many astray.  And because wickedness is multiplied, most men's love will grow cold.  And brother will deliver up brother for death, and the father his child, and children will rise against parents and have them put up for death; and you{pl} will be hated by all on account of me.  But in no way will a hair of your head perish. By your patience you{pl} will retain your lives.  And this gospel of the kingship will be preached throughout the inhabited world, as a testimony to all nations; and then the end will come."

Commentary: The promise of safety is in keeping with the good news and applies to believers such as John and Thomas, who chose to believe the message of Yeshua.

Matthew 24:15-22  Mk 13:14-20  Lk 21:20-24  "When you{pl} see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then know that its ruin has come.  So when you{pl} see the abomination of desolation spoken of by the prophet Daniel, standing where it ought not to be (let the reader understand), then let those in Judea flee to the mountains and let those in the city depart; and he on the housetop let him not go down to take a thing in his house; and he in the field, let him not return to take his coat.  For these are days of vengeance, for all that has been written to be fulfilled.  And alas for those pregnant in womb and for those who give suck in those days!  Pray that your flight will not happen in winter or on a Sabbath holiday.
     "For then there will be great tribulation, such as has not happened from the beginning of the world until now, and never will again. There will be great distress upon the earth and wrath upon this people; they will fall by the mouth of the sword, and be led captive among the gentiles; and Jerusalem will be trodden down by the gentiles, until the times of the gentiles are fulfilled.  Unless those days were shortened, no living flesh would be saved; but because of the elect those days will be cut short.

Commentary: The "abomination of desolation" was the army of Rome led by Titus. In Palestine, for the Jews, the holy land or country should not be defiled by the presence of foreign troops.
     The atrocities that took place during the siege of Jerusalem have probably not been surpassed in the entire history of the world. All of these statements by Yeshua applied to that approaching time, and NOT some distant future time.

Luke 17:22-25  Mt 24:23-28  Mk 13:21-23  And he said to the disciples, "The days will come when you{pl} will desire to see one of the days of the Son of man, and you{pl} will not see.  Then if any one says to you{pl}, 'Look, here is the Christ!' or 'There he is!' do not believe or go.  For false Christs and false prophets will arise and suggest great omens and portents[14] so as to lead astray, if possible, even the elect.  Behold, I have told you{pl} all things beforehand.  So, if they say to you{pl}, 'Lo, he is in the wilderness,' do not go out; if they say, 'Look, he is in private rooms,' do not believe.
     "For as the lightning comes from the east and shines as far as the west, so will the Son of man be in his day, so also will be the coming into glory of the Son of man.  But first he must suffer many things and be rejected by this generation.  Wherever the corpse may be, there the vultures will be gathered together.

Commentary: The content of these two paragraphs is in reverse sequence. After his ascension, Yeshua was to be found nowhere, and he was telling them this.
     Those inside the city and out believed, when there was no earthly hope of victory, that the "savior messiah" would come and that God would intervene to bless their fanatical rebellion against Rome, but this was a false expectation.  It is noteworthy that there are still those even today that are busy suggesting eschatological schemes for events that they do not understand and that have already taken place.
     The whole nation of Israel was fairly evenly divided over being for or against Yeshua, and every person was shortly made aware of his crucifixion. The "corpse" was Yeshua on the cross, and the "vultures" were those religious and political leaders who demanded and secured his death.

Matthew 24:29-31  Mk 13:24-27  Lk 21:25-28  "Immediately after the affliction of these days the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light, and the stars will fall from heaven, and the dynamics of the heavens will be shaken, and upon the earth distress of nations in perplexity at the roaring of the sea and the waves, men fainting with fear and with apprehension of what is coming on the world; then will appear the sign of the Son of man in the sky.  As these things happen, look up and raise your heads, because your redemption is drawing near.  And then all the tribes of the land will wail, and they will see the Son of man passing against the clouds of the sky with dynamic potency and great glory; and then he will send out his messengers with a loud trumpet call, and they will gather his elect from the four winds, from one end of the earth to the other."

Commentary: The "affliction of these days" refers to the present and coming time for Yeshua and his followers prior to his crucifixion.
     All these "signs" took place when Yeshua died on the cross, and the "Son of Man in the sky" is the body of Yeshua hanging on the cross sticking up toward the sky. As to the tribes wailing, if nothing more is meant than this, at least some people of every tribe in Israel mourned the death of Yeshua. The Greek word here for "passing" is translated in most bibles as "come", but it means to come or go or pass and is used in a wide variety of situations. Here it should be translated as "pass" or "pass away" since it applies to the death of Yeshua at the crucifixion. The "elect" are gathered from the first resurrection spoken of by Yeshua in John 5:25, those resurrected with Yeshua, the First-fruits gathered into the kingship.

Matthew 24:32-35  Mk 13:28-31  Lk 21:29-33  And he told them a parable: "You{pl} see the fig tree, and all the trees?  From the fig tree learn its lesson: when its branch becomes tender and puts forth its leaves, you{pl} know that summer is near.  So also, when you{pl} see all these things happening, you{pl} know that the kingship of God is near, even at the door.  Truly, I say to you{pl}, in no way does this generation pass away until all these things occur[24]. Heaven and earth will pass away, but in no way may my words pass away.

Commentary:  This is a clear, unequivocal statement by Yeshua limiting the time-frame for all of his answers to the questions, and thus which should preclude any application beyond the destruction of Jerusalem.

Matthew 24:36-44  Mk 13:32-37  Lk 17:26-37  "But about that time and situation no one understands, not even the messengers of heaven, nor the Son, but the Father only.   Like the days of Noah, so will be the coming into glory of the Son of man.  For as in those days before the flood they were eating and drinking,marrying and giving in marriage, until the day when Noah entered the ark, and they were not aware until the flood came and took them all, so also will be the coming into glory of the Son of man. 
     "Likewise as it was in the days of Lot, they were eating, drinking, buying, selling, planting, building; but on the day when Lot went out from Sodom fire and sulphur rained from heaven and destroyed them all, just like this will it be on the day the Son of man is revealed.  Remember Lot's wife.  Whoever seeks to save his llfe will lose it, but whoever loses his usual lifestyle will preserve it.
     "I tell you{pl}, in this time of spiritual darkness there will be two in one bed; one will be taken and the other left.  Then two men will be in the field; one is gathered in  and one is passed over.  Two women will be grinding at the mill; one is gathered in and one is passed over.
     "Watch therefore, that you{pl} do not realize at what time your Master passes.  Like a man going abroad, leaving his house and giving his servants charge, each with his work, and ordered the doorkeeper that he should watch, you{pl} watch!  Understand that if the housemaster knew in what hour the thief is coming, he would have watched and might not have let his house be broken into.  Watch therefore, for you{pl} do not know when the master of the house passes, at evening, or at midnight, or at cockcrow, or in the morning, lest he come suddenly and find you{pl} asleep.  Therefore you{pl} also be ready; for the Son of man passes at a time you{pl} do not expect.  And what I say to you{pl} I say to all: Watch."
     And they said to him, "Where, Master?"  He said to them, "Where the corpse is, there the vultures will be gathered together."

Commentary: Not the angels of heaven nor even Yeshua himself understood the full ramifications of how much of the character of God would be revealed or how much God would be glorified by his death at Calvary and his resurrection. "Eating and drinking" is a figure of speech in the Hebrew culture, which means living oblivious to significant events or aspects of the time or situation. "Marrying and giving in marriage" is a figure of speech in the Hebrew culture which means to go about living or doing business as usual.
     Gathered into the Truth or true message of good news given by Yeshua, and subsequently gathered into the kingdom of the heavens.
     Through a natural process as children in this world we build our self-identity and life content around parents, others and things.  This leaves us with it centered on status symbols, be they tangible or intangible mundane possessions, our own abilities and accomplishments, relationships, or social standing.  With our minds or agendas focused on the things of this world, we are programmed to see ourselves not only as mortal, but with the limited value based on these externals, rather than children of God (Gods) with intrinsic, unlimited value and potential.
    When Yeshua said "watch" he meant "wake up and be alert". The "corpse" is Yeshua hanging on the cross.


Luke 12:41-48  Mt 24:45-51  Peter said to him, "Master, do you tell this parable for us or also for all men?"  And the Master said, "Who then is the faithful and prudent steward, whom his lord will appoint over his household, to give them their portion of food in due season?  Blessed is that servant his lord will find so doing when he comes.  Truly, I say to you{pl}, he will appoint him over all his possessions.  But if that servant says to himself, 'My lord delays in coming,' and begins to beat the menservants and the maidservants, and to both eat and drink and get drunk, the lord of that servant will come on a day when he does not expect and at an hour he does not know, and will separate him, and will place his portions with the unbelievers, the hypocrites; there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
     But that servant knowing his lord's will, and did not prepare or act according to his will, will be beaten with many lashes.  But he not knowing, and doing what deserved a beating, will be beaten with few lashes.  Everyone given much, of him will much be required; and to whom much was deposited, exceedingly more will be asked of him.

Commentary: This parable should be applied to the Parousia and the Apocalypse, that is, the public prominence, presence and revealing through the life, crucifixion, resurrection and ascension of Yeshua.

Luke 21:34-38  "But take heed to yourselves lest your minds be weighed down with headaches and strong drink and the cares of this life.  That day[32] comes on you{pl} suddenly like a snare; for it will come upon all those sitting on the face of all the earth.  Then you{pl} be watchful at all times, begging that you{pl} be accounted worthy to escape all these things about to occur, and to stand before the Son of man."
     In the days he was teaching in the temple, but in the nights he went out and lodged on the mount being called Olivet.  And in the morning all the people came to him in the temple to hear him.

Commentary: ;"That day" is the time of Yeshua's crucifixion and resurrection,  both for which they were unprepared.

Luke 7:36-50  Mk 14:3-9  Mt 26:6-13  A certain one of the Pharisees asked that he eat with him.  And going into the Pharisee's house, being at Bethany in the house of Simon the leper as he sat at table, he reclined in comfort.  And behold, a woman of the city, who was a sinner, knowing that he reclined in the Pharisee's house, came up with an alabaster flask of ointment of pure nard, very expensive. Taking the alabaster vial of ointment, standing behind him at his feet weeping, and breaking the flask, she poured it over him reclining, on his head.  And she began to wet his feet with her tears, and she was wiping them with the hair of her head, and kissing his feet, and anointing them with the ointment.
     Upon seeing this, the Pharisee having invited him said to himself, "If he was a prophet, this one would have known who and what this woman is who touches him, for she is a sinner."  And Yeshua answering said to him, "Simon, I have something to say to you."  And he says, "Teacher, say."  "There were two debtors to a certain creditor; one owed five hundred denarii, and the other fifty.  With them not having a thing to repay, he forgave them both.  Now which of them, do you say, will love him more?"  Simon answering, said, "I suppose, to whom more he freely forgave."  And he said to him, "You decided rightly."
     Then turning to the woman he said to Simon, "Do you see this woman?  I entered your house, you gave me no water for my feet.  But she has wet my feet with her tears and wiped them with her hair.  You gave me no kiss, but since I entered she did not cease to fervently kiss my feet.  You did not anoint my head with oil, but she with ointment anointed my feet.  For this reason I tell you, her many sins are forgiven, for she loved much; but he loves little to whom little is forgiven."
     And he said to her, "Your sins are forgiven."  Then those reclining with him began to say to themselves, "Who is this, who even forgives sins?"  And he said to the woman, "Your faith has saved you; go in peace."
     But some were feeling indignation in themselves, saying, "What a waste of the ointment this has been!  For this could be sold for over three hundred denarii, and be given to the poor."  So they were upset with her.  But Yeshua said, "Leave her alone; why do you{pl} cause troubles for her?  She has done a good thing to me.  For the poor you{pl} always have with you{pl}, and whenever you{pl} wish, you{pl} can do good to them; but you{pl} will not always have me.  This one did what she could.  By putting this ointment on my body she has anointed my body beforehand for burial.  Truly, I tell you{pl}, wherever this gospel is preached in all the world, what she did also will be told in memory of her." 

Commentary: The Gospel writer John gives this account with different details and in a more credible way, indicating that the dinner was either in honor of Lazarus, or at his house in honor of Yeshua. Martha served, and Mary was the woman. John's account is that of an eyewitness, and was recorded after those in the Synoptics were compiled. Part of what John is doing in his Gospel is correcting and setting the record straight. While the accounts are basically the same, why were these details left out or gotten wrong in the Synoptics? What is more important to understand is that the dialogue in the Synoptics is almost totally fabricated and/or embellished. And a couple of characters in the story are misidentified. This is just one of the clear examples that the Synoptic accounts are NOT trustworthy, partly because they came through a chain of retelling and not from an eyewitness.

Matthew 26:1-5,14-16  Mk 14:1,2,10,11  Lk 22:1-6  Now the feast of Unleavened Bread called the Passover drew near.  When Yeshua ended all these sayings, he said to his disciples, "You{pl} know that after two days the Passover comes, and the Son of man is to be delivered up to be crucified."  Right then the chief priests and the theologians and the elders of the people were assembled in the court of the high priest, being called Caiaphas, and took counsel together that they might arrest Yeshua by guile and kill him.  But they said, "Not at the feast, so that a tumult does not occur among the people." Then Satan entered into Judas, the one being called Iscariot, being one of the group of twelve.  Going away, he conferred with the chief priests and officers and said, "What will you{pl} give me if I deliver him up to you{pl}?"  And they were glad, and agreed to give him money, thirty pieces of silver.  He fully consented, and they paid him; and from that time he sought an opportunity to betray him to them apart from the masses.

Commentary: This word "Satan" of Hebrew origin comes from a root meaning to block or obstruct or interfere, therefore it should be read as "the obstructor".

Mark 14:12-16, Mt 26:17-19  Lk 22:7-13   And on the first day of Unleavened Bread, when they kill the Passover lamb, his disciples say to him, "Where do you wish us to go that we may prepare the passover for you to eat?"  So Yeshua sends Peter and John, saying, "Going, prepare the Passover for us, that we may eat it.  Go into the city, and a man carrying a pitcher of water will meet you{pl}; follow him, and wherever he enters, tell the householder, 'The Teacher says, Where is my guest room, where I may eat the Passover with my disciples?'  And he will show you{pl} a large upper room being furnished and ready; there prepare for us."  And his disciples went forth and came into the city, and found it as he told them; and they prepared the Passover.

Commentary: Yeshua had many followers and supporters, and certainly not all followed him all the time. Yeshua had probably made arrangements that his current followers were not aware of.

Luke 22:14-18  And when the hour came, he reclined, and the twelve apostles with him.  And he said to them, "I wanted intensely to eat this passover with you{pl} before I suffer; for I tell you{pl} I eat it no longer in any way until it is done in the kingship of God."  Taking a cup, and having given thanks, he said, "Take this, and share it among you{pl}; for I tell you{pl} that in no way do I drink of the fruit of the vine until the kingship of God comes."

Commentary: This commentator's understanding is that access to the Kingship of heaven through the understanding of the Gospel became fully maximized at the resurrection of Yeshua. That was the coming again that he referred to in his many statements which are misappropriated to apply to a future advent or "2nd coming" later to our own time.  Yeshua undoubtedly drank of the fruit of the vine while he walked and talked and ate with his followers after his resurrection.

Matthew 26:20-25  Mk 14:17-21  Lk 22:21-23  While eating, he said, "Truly, I say to you{pl}, one of you{pl} will betray me, one eating with me."  And they began to consider among themselves as to who it may be about to do this.  And they were very sorrowful, and each of them began to say to him, "I am not the one, Lord?"  But he answering said, "Behold, the hand of the betrayer is with me on the table.  The one dipping his hand with me in the dish will betray me.  Indeed, the Son of man passes as it has even been written of him, but woe to that man by whom the Son of man is betrayed!  Better for him if that man were not born."  So answering, Judas, who was betraying him, said, "I am not, Teacher?"  He said to him, "You said it."

Commentary: This account is affirmed by the one in the Gospel of John.

Matthew 26:26-29  Mk 14:22-25  Lk 22:19,20  While they were eating, Yeshua, taking a loaf and blessing it, broke it and gave it to the disciples and said, "Take, eat; this is my body being given for you{pl}.  Do this to remind you of me."[35] And likewise taking the cup after having supped, and giving thanks, he gave it to them, saying, "Drink of it, all of you{pl}; for this is my blood of the new agreement, which is poured out for the dismissal of sins, which concerns many.  I tell you{pl} I will no longer drink this fruit of the vine from now until that day when I drink it first with you{pl} in the kingship of my Father."

Commentary: Christendom takes this simple request that applied right then, and uses it as the basis to establish a sacrament, a rite to be repeated until the traditional advent or fabled '2nd coming', and a ceremony regarded as engendering a supernatural or supra-normal benefit.  Given that the full-blown Kingship of God was inaugurated at the resurrection of Yeshua, there is no valid reason to read any more into his statement than his asking the disciples to eat that bread one time, there and then, as a symbol to help them understand that he was shortly going to die for their benefit.
     Yeshua had been in the Kingship state while alive, and, of course went out of it when he died. Of course, he entered again when resurrected. This repeated statement can be taken as an indication by Yeshua of the short time period that would elapse before his crucifixion, less than one day during which he did not drink.  Note that he refused the wine offered to him as he hung.  It should be understood that he ate and drank these things on earth after his resurrection.

Luke 22:24-30  And there was a dispute among them as to which of them rates as the greater.  And he said to them, "The kings of the Gentiles lord over them; and the authorities over them are called benefactors.  But not so with you{pl}; rather let the greater among you{pl} be as the lesser, and he leading as he serving. For who is the greater, the one relaxing, or the one serving?  Is it not the one relaxing?  But I am among you{pl} as one serving.  But you{pl} are those having stayed with me in my testing; and I assign to you{pl}, as my Father assigned to me, a dominion, that you{pl} may eat and drink at my table in my dominion, and you{pl} will sit on seats of power providing justice for the twelve tribes of Israel."

Commentary: This statement by Yeshua in conjunction with Matthew 23:8-12 should be enough to preclude or interdict any and all forms of authoritarian hierarchies, lamentably a form almost universal to all the "great religions", especially "Christianity".
     The dominion spoken of here is the dominion of service by sharing information about God, his purpose, plan, character and values.  Such information, if incorporated, will bring justice or salvation to everyone.  The "seats of power" spoken of here refer to the unique opportunity given to the followers of Yeshua to be the primary purveyors of this information given directly to them by Yeshua in all that he did and said.  To take this to mean twelve literal thrones with the twelve disciples literally sitting in judgment on them is to totally trivialize and distort everything that Yeshua was about, and is to put the twelve in a position in which they obviously do not belong.

Matthew 26:30-35  Mk 14:26-31  Lk 22:31-34  Having sung a hymn, they went to the Mount of Olives.  Then Yeshua said to them, "You{pl} will all be disillusioned because of me this night; for it has been written,

'I will strike the shepherd,
 and the sheep of the flock will be scattered.'

But after my rising up, I will go before you{pl} to Galilee."
     Replying, Peter said to him, "Though they all be dismayed because of you, I will never be dismayed."  Yeshua said to him, "Simon, Simon, behold, Satan demanded everyone of you{pl}, to sift you{pl} like wheat, but I have prayed for you that your faith might not fail; and when you have turned again, strengthen your brethren."  And he said to him, "Sir, I am prepared to go with you both to prison and to death."  He said, "Truly, I tell you, Peter, that in this night before the cock crows twice, you will deny three times that you know me."  Peter says to him, "Even if I need to die with you, in no way will I deny you."  Likewise also said all the disciples.

Commentary: Using the word Satan again, Yeshua is again personifying the original sin, a wrong understanding and ultimately a wrong paradigm of God. Notice that it wasn't just Peter who was full of false bravado.

Luke 22:35-38  And he said to them, "When I sent you{pl} out without a purse or a wallet or sandals, did you{pl} lack anything?"  They said, "Nothing."  Then he said to them, "But now, let he having a purse take it, likewise a wallet; and the one not having, let him sell his clothes and let him buy a sword. For I tell you{pl} that what has even been written must be fulfilled in me,

'And he was counted with criminals';

but THAT about me has a purpose."  And they said, "Sir, look, here are two swords."  And he said to them, "Enough! Enough!"

Commentary:  Yeshua is now giving, to those followers and friends of his that did not listen and understand, good advice, because they were no longer going to be under God's protection and would need to be prepared to defend themselves just as anyone else would be. Their all but complete lack of understanding was epitomized by the simpleton who pointed out that they had two swords among them, as if Yeshua wanted to start an armed insurrection, or that two swords would make a difference if he did. What grace to only respond with "enough".

Matthew 26:36-46  Mk 14:32-42  Lk 22:39-46  Then going forth, Yeshua went with them to a place called Gethsemane on the mount of olives, and he says to his disciples, "Sit down here, while I go and pray."  And taking with him Peter and James and John, the two sons of Zebedee, he began to be sorrowful, amazed and distressed.
     Then he says to them, "My soul is very grieved, even to death; stay here and watch with me.  Pray that you{pl} may not enter into being tested."  And going a little farther, about a stone's throw, he fell on his face, praying that the hour might pass from him, and saying, "My Father, if it is possible, let this cup pass from me; nevertheless, not as I desire, but let your desire be apparent."  Then a doctrine from heaven became apparent to him, strengthening him.  Becoming in agony more quickly, he prayed; and his sweat became as drops of blood falling to the earth.
     Now he comes to the disciples and finds them sleeping, and says to Peter, "Simon, do you sleep?  Were you not able to watch with me one hour?  Watch and pray that you may not enter into being tested; indeed the spirit is willing, but the flesh weak."  Again going away for the second time, he prayed, "My Father, if this cup cannot pass away from me unless I drink it, your will be done."
     And again he comes and finds them sleeping, for their eyes were heavy.  So, leaving them again, he went away and prayed a third time, saying the same words.  Then he comes to his disciples and says to them, "Sleep now and rest?  It is enough!  The hour comes, behold, the Son of man is betrayed into the hands of sinners.  Rise, let us go; see, my betrayer has come near."

Commentary: Yeshua did not come to Earth in flesh to die, but to testify about the truth concerning God.  Nevertheless, he came PREPARED to die IF necessary in order to get his message across.  If some number of his followers had really paid attention to and believed what he was saying to them, his death would not have been required; thus he tried giving, showing, telling them these truths in essentially every conceivable way, but to no avail.  He as a human being naturally does not want to die, and he is here asking his father if there is not something else that can be done or some other way to get their attention and the total message across.  Unfortunately, there was not, since there was literally no one on the Earth at that time that believed what he was saying, and so he went all the way.


Combined Synoptic Gospels Part 6 of 6

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