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Part 6 of 6
Updated: 04/15/2021

Table of Contents

208-BETRAYAL AND ARREST  Matthew 26:47-56  Mk 14:43-50  Lk 22:47-53
209-THE YOUNG FOLLOWER  Mark 14:51,52
210-PETER TO THE COURTYARD Matthew 26:57,58  Mk 14:53,54  Lk 22:54,55
211-PETER'S DENIAL  Matthew 26:69-75  Mk 14:66-72  Lk 22:56-62
212-CONDEMNED FOR BLASPHEMY  Matthew 26:59-68  Mk 14:55-65  Lk 22:63-71
213-BROUGHT TO PILATE  Matthew 27:1,2  Mk 15:1  Lk 23:1
214-ACCUSED BEFORE PILATE  Luke 23:2-5  Mt 27:11-14  Mk 15:2-5
215-SENT TO HEROD  Luke 23:6-12
217-CUSTOM OF RELEASE  Matthew 27:15-19  Mk 15:6-10  Lk 23:17-19
218-BARABBAS RELEASED  Matthew 27:20-26  Mk 15:11-15  Lk 23:20-2
220-MOCKED BY THE SOLDIERS  Matthew 27:27-31  Mk 15:16-20
221-WOMEN WAILING AND LAMENTING  Luke 23:26-31  Mt 27:32  Mk 15:21
222-CRUCIFIED WITH CRIMINALS  Matthew 27:33-43  Mk 15:22-32  Lk 23:32-38
223-THIEF IN PARADISE  Luke 23:39-43  Mt 27:44
224-YESHUA DIES IN DARKNESS  Matthew 27:45-50  Mk 15:33-39  Lk 23:44,45
225-TORN CURTAIN, OPEN TOMBS  Matthew 27:51-56  Mk 15:39-41  Lk 23:45-49
226-WRAPPED AND LAID IN THE TOMB  Mark 15:42-47  Mt 27:57-61  Lk 23:50-56
228-MARY AT THE TOMB  Matthew 28:1-10  Mk 16:1-8  Lk 24:1-12
229-BRIBED TO LIE  Matthew 28:11-15
230-ROAD TO EMMAUS  Luke 24:13-35  Mk 16:12,13
231-APPEARING TO THE ELEVEN  Luke 24:36-43
232-PROMISE OF POWER  Luke 24:44-49
233-TEACH ALL PEOPLES  Matthew 28:16-20  Mk 16:15-18
234-THE ASCENSION  Luke 24:50-53  Acts 1:6-11

Matthew 26:47-56  Mk 14:43-50  Lk 22:47-53  Right then, while he was still speaking, Judas one of the twelve came, and with him a great crowd with swords and clubs, from the chief priests and theologians and the elders of the people.  Now the one betraying had given them a signal, saying, "Whomever I may kiss, he is the one; seize him and lead him away securely."  And coming up to Yeshua at once, he said, "Teacher! Teacher!" and fervently he kissed him.  Yeshua said to him, "Friend, why are you here?"  Then coming up, they laid hands on Yeshua and seized him.  But Yeshua said, "Judas, do you betray the Son of man with a kiss?"
       And seeing what was about to happen, those around him said, "Master, shall we strike with the sword?"  And behold, one of those with Yeshua, stretching out his hand, drew his sword and struck the slave of the high priest, and cut off his right ear.  Responding, Yeshua said to him, "Allow even this!  Put back your sword into its place; for all taking the sword shall perish by the sword.  Do you think that I cannot now call upon my Father, and he will place near me more than twelve legions of messengers?  But how then should the scriptures be fulfilled as it must be?"  And touching his ear, he healed him.
     At that time Yeshua said to those coming against him, the chief priests and officers of the temple and elders, "Did you{pl} come out against me to take me as a robber, with swords and clubs?  Day by day I sat with you{pl} teaching in the temple, and you{pl} did not put your hand on me or seize me.  But this is your hour and that of the authority of darkness.  However, this has all happened so that the scriptures of the prophets may be fulfilled."  Then forsaking him, the disciples all fled.

Commentary: The really important issue that is raised by this passage concerns "But how then should the scriptures be fulfilled as it must be?" The shallow thinking would be that even when they were written, God knew that they were going to be fulfilled, but it is not necessary to take this illogical position. Yeshua is NOT saying this, but rather that now that the nation and even the disciples had failed to understand what he was all about, the applicable scriptures must be fulfilled.

Mark 14:51,52  And a certain young man was following him, having thrown a linen cloth about his bare body.  And they seized the young man, but he, leaving the linen cloth, fled from them bare.

Commentary: It is generally conceived that this was John.

Matthew 26:57,58  Mk 14:53,54  Lk 22:54,55  Then those seizing Yeshua led him away to Caiaphas the high priest, where the theologians and the elders were gathered.  But Peter followed him from a distance, up to the courtyard of the high priest.  After kindling a fire in the middle of the courtyard, the attendants sat down together, and Peter sat among them inside with the guards to see the end.

Commentary: Evidently John was somehow related to Caiaphas, and so Peter was somewhat welcome and safe in being there.

Matthew 26:69-75  Mk 14:66-72  Lk 22:56-62  Now Peter sat outside in the courtyard, and a maid came up to him, seeing him sitting in the light and peering at him, and she said, "You were with Yeshua the Galilean."  But he denied it before them all, saying, "I do not know what you mean."  While he was going out to the porch, another saw him, and says to the bystanders, "This man was with Yeshua of Nazareth."  And again he denied it with an oath, "I don't know the man."
     And after about an hour the bystanders came up and said to Peter,  "Certainly you are one of them, for you are even a Galilean, and your speech agrees."  Then he began to curse and to swear, "I don't know the man, I don't know what you say."  And immediately, while he was yet speaking,  the cock crowed.  Turning, the Master looked at Peter.  And Peter remembered the words of Yeshua saying to him, "Before the cock crows tonight, you will deny me three times."  And going outside, he wept bitterly.

Commentary: Poor Peter! He sets the standard for the gregarious, intellectually irresponsible, emotional man who wasn't into contemplation of his own fallibility nor much of anything else. It is hard to see that he learned anything much from his time with Yeshua except a precious little little humility.

Matthew 26:59-68  Mk 14:55-65  Lk 22:63-71  Now the chief priests and the elders and the whole Sanhedrin sought false testimony against Yeshua so that they might execute him, but found none, even though many falsely witnessed against him, but their testimonies were not compatible.  When day came, the body of the elders of the people, chief priests and theologians was assembled, and they led him away to their Sanhedrin council.  At last two false witnesses coming forward, said, "This one said, 'I am able to destroy the temple of God.' We heard him saying, 'I will throw down this temple made with hands, and in three days I will build another, not made with hands.'"  So, standing up, the high priest said, "Do you not reply to what these men testify against you?"  But Yeshua kept silent.  So, replying, the high priest said to him, "I adjure you by the living God that you tell us if you are the Christ, the Son of God."
     Yeshua said to him, "If I tell you{pl}, in no way will you{pl} believe it; and if I also ask you{pl}, in no way will you{pl} answer, or let me go.  You{pl} said it, I AM THE ONE.  But I tell you{pl}, hereafter you{pl} will see the Son of man situated to the right of the power of God, and passing against the clouds of heaven."  Then the high priest tore his robes, and said, "He blasphemed.  Why do we still have need of witnesses?  You{pl} heard the blasphemy.  We heard for ourselves from his own mouth.  What does it seem to you{pl}?  Answering, they all said, "He deserves death."
     Now the men having charge of Yeshua mocked him, and some began to spit at him and beat him with their fist.  Blindfolding him and slapping him in the face, they questioned him, saying, "Prophesy, who is the one stinging you?"  And with blaspheming they said many other things to him.

Commentary: When Yeshua talked about being able to destroy the temple, he was talking symbolically about the paradigm and thinking behind the temple-centered religion, but they didn't understand that nor did they want to. When he talked about his passing, he was referring to being hung on a pole on a hill up against the sky when he passed from living to death. Those that voted for his death were ostensibly the premier men of Israel, the Sanhedrim.

Matthew 27:1,2  Mk 15:1  Lk 23:1  With early morning occurring, all the chief priests and the elders of the people immediately counseled together against Yeshua in order to execute him.  Having bound Yeshua, the whole company of them arose and led him away and delivered him to Pilate the governor.

Commentary: It is interesting to note that the "court" that tried Yeshua and found him guilty was convened at night, something even against their own protocol. So they delivered him to Pilate at the earliest possible time of the day.

Luke 23:2-5  Mt 27:11-14  Mk 15:2-5  And they began to accuse him, saying, "We found this one perverting our nation, and forbidding to give tribute to Caesar, saying he himself to be Christ a king."  The chief priests and elders accused him of many things, but he answered nothing.  Then Pilate again questioned him, saying, "Do you answer nothing?  Do you not hear?  Behold how many things they testify against you."  But Yeshua answered nothing more, not even a single word; so as to amaze the governor greatly.
     Now Yeshua stood before the governor; and Pilate asked him, "Are you the King of the Jews?"  And he answered him, "You say it."  And Pilate said to the chief priests and the multitudes, "I find no blame in this man."  But they insisted, saying, "He stirs up the people, teaching throughout all Judea, from Galilee to here."

Commentary: In the Gospel of John, Yeshua's answer was, "My kingship is not of this world", and thus Pilate found him to be not guilty under Roman law.

Luke 23:6-12  Pilate, hearing the word Galilee, asked if the man was a Galilean.  Upon learning that he was from Herod's jurisdiction, he sent him up to Herod, that one also being in Jerusalem at that time.
     Herod, seeing Yeshua, rejoiced greatly, for he was wanting for a long time to see him, because of hearing many things about him.  He hoped to see some sign brought about by him and addressed him with many questions.  Nevertheless, he answered him nothing.  The chief priests and the scholars stood there vehemently accusing him.  Herod with his soldiers, having humiliated him and mocking him by arraying him in luxurious clothing, sent him back to Pilate.  And both Herod and Pilate became friends with each other that same day, for before, they had been at enmity with each other.

Commentary: Pilate passed the buck to Herod, which was an effective gesture, but the buck got passed back to him.

Luke 23:13-16  Pilate, calling together the chief priests and the leaders and the people, said to them, "You{pl} brought me this man as one perverting the people; take note, I, examining him before you{pl}, did not find this man guilty of which you{pl} bring charge against him.  But neither did Herod; I sent him up to him for you{pl}, behold, nothing deserving death is committed by him.  Having chastised him then, I will release him."

Commentary: All of the above should eliminate the claim by Jews that it wasn't them but the Romans that crucified Yeshua, If they could have gotten away with it they would have stoned him. Pilate was just politically pressured into pulling the trigger.

Matthew 27:15-19  Mk 15:6-10  Lk 23:17-19  Now at a feast the governor used to release for the crowd any one prisoner whom they wished.  And they had then a notorious prisoner, called Barabbas, having been bound with the rebels, and who had committed murder in the insurrection.  So, crying out, the crowd began to demand that he do the usual thing for them.  They then having assembled, Pilate said to them, "Whom do you{pl} wish that I may release for you{pl}, Barabbas or Yeshua called Christ?"  For he knew that they delivered him up through envy.  While he was sitting on the judgment seat, his wife sent to him, saying, "Let nothing be between you and that just man, for I have suffered many things today in a dream of him."
     But they all cried out together, "You take this man, and release to us Barabbas" ‑‑ who was thrown into prison for some revolt occurring in the city, and for murder.

Commentary: This is the third attempt by Pilate to defuse the situation and avoid killing Yeshua. He no doubt picked the worst prisoner to which he had access, clearly thinking that surely they would prefer Yeshua being released. On the other hand, Barabbas was a violent insurrectionist, and the Jews were not out of sympathy with his actions.

Matthew 27:20-26  Mk 15:11-15  Lk 23:20-25  Now the chief priests and the elders persuaded the people to ask for Barabbas and to destroy Yeshua.  So, responding, the governor again said to them, "Which of the two do you{pl} wish that I may release for you{pl}?"  And they said, "Barabbas."  Pilate says to them, "What then may I do with Yeshua called Christ, whom you{pl} call king of the Jews?"  So they again shouted out, "Crucify, crucify him!  Let him be crucified."  And he said, "Why?  What wrong did he do?  I found in him no cause for death.  Chastising him them, I will release him."  But they insisted and shouted all the more, "Let him be crucified."  And the voices of them and the chief priests prevailed.
     So, Pilate, seeing that nothing is gained but rather a disturbance occurs, taking water, washed his hands before the crowd, saying, "I am clean of the blood of this just man; you{pl} will see to it."  Replying, all the people said, "His blood be on us and on our children!"  So, Pilate, deciding the easiest thing to do, agreed their demand should be done, and having scourged Yeshua, delivered him to be crucified and released Barabbas to them.

Commentary: This is the fourth time that Pilate tried to release Yeshua, but he eventually succumbed to the pressure of blackmail or extortion, when the Jewish leaders claimed they would report him to Caesar as not being faithful to protect his interests and those of Rome.
     Crucifixion was not the worst nor the easiest and cheapest form of execution that Rome used. Crucifixion was gruesome pageantry, and was reserved for insurrectionists that challenged their Saturn-God-derived authority. The cross was a prominent Saturnian symbol in ancient times for the Saturn-God configuration seen in the sky during the end of the Golden age. The message of Rome to insurrectionists was: We will help you out and put you up in the sky on the cross and see how you do, and then if you prevail, so be it.

Matthew 27:3-10  Then Judas, the one betraying him, seeing that he was condemned and repenting, returned the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and the elders, saying, "I sinned, betraying innocent blood."  They said, "What is that to us?  You see to it."  Throwing the pieces of silver into the temple, he departed; and going away, he hanged himself.  But upon taking the pieces of silver, the chief priests said, "It is not legitimate to put them into the treasury, since it is the price of blood."
     So taking counsel, they bought with them the potter's field for burial of strangers.  Therefore that field was called the Field of Blood to this day.  Then was fulfilled that spoken by the prophet Jeremiah, saying,

"And I took the thirty pieces of silver,
 the price of the one priced by the sons of Israel,
 and gave them for the potter's field,
 as the Lord directed me."

Commentary: They had just convened their court at night under cover of darkness, extorted their governor, and condemned an innocent man to be crucified, and yet these falsely righteous men were so circumspect that they would not put the silver back in the treasury since it was "blood money". The "thirty" pieces of silver are not mentioned by John nor the other Gospels and may be an embellishment to match the the number in the Old Testament.
     The account is not compatible with that recorded by Luke in Acts 1:18,19: "Now this man <Judas> bought a field with the reward of his wickedness, and swelling up he burst open in the middle and all his bowels gushed out. And it became known to all the inhabitants of Jerusalem, so that the field was called..."Field of Blood'". This difference is one of the more egregious Biblical discrepancies in the New Testament, and is emblematic of how embellished and unreliable many of the Synoptic Gospel accounts really are.

Matthew 27:27-31  Mk 15:16-20  Then the soldiers of the governor, taking Yeshua into the praetorium, gathered the whole battalion before him.  And stripping him, they dressed him in a scarlet robe, and plaiting a crown of thorns they put it on his head, and put a reed in his right hand.  And bowing their knees in front of him they mocked him, saying, "Hail, King of the Jews!" and spitting upon him, they took the reed and struck at his head.  And when they had mocked him, they stripped the robe off him, and put his own clothes on him, and led him away to crucify him.

Commentary: This mocking activity was in keeping with the pageantry and symbolism of the crucifixion. Of course, the Roman soldiers typically resented insurrectionists.

Luke 23:26-31  Mt 27:32  Mk 15:21  As they led him away, and having seized the father of Alexander and Rufus, a certain Simon of Cyrene coming in from a field, they put the cross on him and compelled him to carry it behind Yeshua. So, a great multitude of the people were following him, and women, who were also bewailing and lamenting him.
     But Yeshua turning to them said, "Daughters of Jerusalem, do not weep for me, but weep for yourselves and for your children.  For behold, the days will come when they will say, 'Blessed the barren, and the wombs which did not bear and the breasts that did not give suck!'  Then they will begin to say to the mountains, 'Fall on us'; and to the hills, 'Cover us!'  For if they do these things in the tree with sap, what will happen in the dry?"

Commentary: In the Syrian or Cyrenean version of the legend of the Martian warrior-hero of Hercules/Samson, he died but not before carrying the two pillars in the form of a cross. This account is not found in the Gospel of John, and it may be a myth that Yeshua was required to carry his own cross, and that a man named after the old Saturnian god Shamash (Simon) carried it for him.

Matthew 27:33-43  Mk 15:22-32  Lk 23:32-38  So also others, two criminals, were led away to be crucified with him. And coming to a place called Golgotha, which is saying 'Place of a skull', they offered him wine to drink, spiced with myrrh; but having tasted it, he would not drink it.
     It was the third hour when they crucified him, and the two insurrectionists, one on the right and one on the left, so the scripture was fulfilled which says:

'With the criminals he was counted.'

Yeshua said, "Father, forgive them; for they know not what they are doing."   They divided his garments among them by casting a lot, so that spoken by the prophet may be fulfilled:

'They divided my garments themselves,
 and on my clothing they cast a lot.'

Then sitting down, they guarded him there.  And the people stood, watching; but also the rulers with them scoffed, saying, "He saved others; if this one is the Christ, the elect One of God, let him save himself!"  The soldiers also mocked him, having come up and offering him vinegar, saying, "If you are the King of the Jews, save yourself!"  And they placed above his head the charge against him, which read, "This is Yeshua the King of the Jews."
     And those passing by derided him, shaking their heads and saying, "The one destroying the temple and building it in three days, save yourself!  If you are the Son of God, come down from the stake."  So also the chief priests, mocking with the theologians and elders, said, "He saved others; he is not able to save himself.  If he is the King of Israel; let him come down now from the stake, and we will believe him.  He trusted in God, let God deliver him now, if he desires him.  For he said, 'I am the Son of God.'"  Likewise the criminals crucified together with him harangued him.

Commentary: The Gospel of john verifies much of this passage, with very minor details being different.
     The logic being used by the chief priests seemed to be quite solid. If Yeshua was the God-appointed Messiah-King, then God couldn't let him be crucified.

Luke 23:39-43  Mt 27:44  One of the hanged criminals railed against him, saying, "If you are the Christ, save yourself and us!"  But the other rebuked him, saying, "Do you not fear God, since we are in the same condemnation?  And we indeed justly; for we receive worthily for the things we did; but this one did nothing wrong."  And he said to Yeshua, "Remember me, Sir, when you come into your kingship."  And Yeshua said to him, "Truly, I tell you, today you will be with me in Paradise."

Commentary: Evidently in the vernacular of the day Paradise was the good part of the unseen realm of Hades.

Matthew 27:45-50  Mk 15:33-39  Lk 23:44,45  It was now about the sixth hour, the sun was darkened and it was dark over all the land until the ninth hour.  And about the ninth hour Yeshua cried with a loud voice, "Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?" that is, "My God, my God, why did you forsake me?"  And some of those standing near and hearing it said, "This man calls Elijah."  And one of them, at once running and taking a sponge and filling it with vinegar, put it on a reed, and gave it to him to drink.  But the others said, "Wait, let us see if Elijah comes to save him."  And Yeshua, crying again with a loud voice, said, "Father, into your hands I commit my spirit<life>!"  Upon saying this, he breathed his last and released his spirit.

Commentary: Unless Yeshua had a crisis of faith, and then recovered, the two statements he is reported to have made here are incompatible. However, a case can be made that he DID face and experience the utter blackness of death.

Matthew 27:51-56  Mk 15:39-41  Lk 23:45-49  And behold, the veil of the temple was torn in two, from top to bottom; and the earth was shaken, and the rocks were split and the tombs were opened.  Many bodies of the saints having fallen asleep were raised, and coming out of the tombs after his resurrection, these went into the holy city and appeared to many.  So the centurion standing near in the front of him, and those with him guarding Yeshua, seeing the earthquake and what had taken place, feared greatly and praised God, saying, "Truly this one WAS the son of God!  Surely this man was innocent!"  And all the crowd having assembled to see this sight, and watching these things happening, were filled with awe and went away beating their breasts.
     There were also many women there and those known to him, watching from some distance and seeing these things, who followed Yeshua from Galilee, ministering to him.  Among these were Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James the Less and Joseph, and the mother of the sons of Zebedee.

Commentary: With the veil of the temple torn, it could now be seen that there was no visible presence of God in the Most Holy Cube. This was a sure sign that there was no efficacy in the temple services and sacrifices.

Mark 15:42-47  Mt 27:57-61  Lk 23:50-56  With evening having come, since a Sabbath holiday was coming on and it was the day of Preparation, which is the day before the Sabbath holidays, a rich man came named Joseph from the town of Arimathea, being a respected member of the council.  Being a just and reasonable man, who was not agreeing with the council and their action, who was also discipled to Yeshua and looking for the kingship of God, he, taking courage, went to Pilate, and asked for the body of Yeshua.
     And Pilate wondered if he had already died; and having called the centurion, he asked him whether he died already.  And learning this from the centurion, he granted the body to Joseph.  So buying a linen shroud, and taking the body, Joseph wrapped it in the clean linen shroud, and laid it in his own new tomb which was cut out of the rock; and he rolled a stone against the opening of the tomb, where no one was yet laid, and departed.
     And also following, some women from Galilee watched the tomb and saw how and where his body was laid.  Mary the Magdalene was there, and the other Mary, the mother of James and Joses, and the mother of the sons of Zebedee, sitting opposite the sepulchre.  Returning, they prepared spices and ointments.  And indeed they rested on the Sabbath holiday according to the directive.

Commentary: This account shows that Yeshua had some more respectable supporters that didn't literally follow him around on his travels. Joseph must have been exceedingly prominent, as he not only sat on the Sanhedrim council, but had access to Pilate and was unafraid to ask for the body. He was probably left out of the illegitimate night court that condemned Yeshua.
     It is noteworthy that none of the other well known disciples are mentioned as being present at Joseph's request, nor at the entombment on his burial property.

Matthew 27:62-66  On the next day, which is after the Preparation, the chief priests and the Pharisees were assembled before Pilate and said, "Sir, we remember how that deceiver said, while yet living, 'After three days I arise.'  So then, order the grave to be made secure until the third day, lest his disciples, coming, may steal him away, and may say to the people, 'He is risen from the dead,' and the last deceit will be worse than the first."  Pilate said to them, "You{pl} have a guard; go, make it as secure as you{pl} know how."  Therefore going, they made the grave secure with the guard, sealing the stone.

Commentary: This decree made by Pilate was actually a fortunate development in that it eliminated the possibility of a fraudulent removal and any false claim of a resurrection.

Matthew 28:1-10  Mk 16:1-8  Lk 24:1-12  Now during the Sabbath holiday, they rested according to the directive; but toward the dawn with the passing of the first day of the Sabbath holidays, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary came to see the sepulchre, carrying the spices which they prepared.  They said, "Who will roll away for us the stone from the opening of the tomb."  And behold, a great earthquake occurred; for messengers of the Lord, descending from heaven and coming up, rolled away the stone, and one was sitting upon it.  His appearance was like lightning, and his clothing white as snow.  And those guarding were shaken for fear of him and they became like dead men.
     So, looking up, they found the stone had been rolled away from the tomb; upon going in, they did not find the body of the Master.  With their being perplexed about this, behold, two men stood by them, and they saw a young man sitting on their right in dazzling white clothes.  While they were greatly amazed and bowed their faces to the ground, the messenger said to the women, "Do not be so amazed, do not fear!  I know that you{pl} seek Yeshua the Nazarene, the one having been crucified.  Why do you{pl} seek the living among the dead?  Remember how he declared to you{pl} while still in Galilee, saying that the Son of man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and rise again on the third day.  He is not here, for he was raised, as he said.  Come, see the place where he lay.  Then going quickly, tell his disciples, and especially Peter, that he was raised from the dead, and behold, he goes before you{pl} into Galilee.  You{pl} will see him there, even as he told you{pl}.  Be aware, I told you{pl}."
     So, departing quickly from the tomb with fear and great joy, they ran to tell his disciples, but trembling and ecstasy held them and they said nothing to anyone.  So, as they were going to tell the disciples, behold, Yeshua met them and said, "Hail!"  And having come near, they seized his feet and worshiped him.  Then Yeshua says to them, "Do not fear! Go and tell my brothers that they may go into Galilee, and there they will see me."  Having risen early on the first of the week, he appeared first to Mary the Magdalene from whom he had dispelled seven problems.  That one, having gone mourning and weeping, reported to those having been with him.  Upon hearing that he lives and was seen by her, these did not believe.
     And the women remembered his words, and returning from the tomb they reported all these things to the eleven and to all the rest.  They were the Magdalene Mary, and Joanna, and Mary the mother of James and the others with them who told the apostles these things.  But their words seemed to them as foolishness, and they did not believe them.

Commentary: In the three separate Synoptic Gospels, many anecdotal details are different, and the most likely have been selected for the combination above. Yeshua singled out Peter, not that he was the most important, but that he was probably feeling the worst.

Matthew 28:11-15  And going, behold, some of the guard coming into the city told the chief priests all that occurred.  And they, being assembled with the elders and taking counsel, gave enough silver to the soldiers, saying, "Say this, 'That his disciples coming by night stole him away, we being asleep.'  And if this is heard by the governor, we will persuade him and we will make you{pl} free from worry."  So, taking the silver, they did as they were told.  This story was spread by the Jews to this day.

Commentary: This anecdote portrays the extent that even religious leaders will go to protect their power and influence.

Luke 24:13-35  Mk 16:12,13 [3]  And behold, that same day two of them were going to a village which is named Emmaus, being about seven miles from Jerusalem.  They talked with each other about all these things having happened.  And it was that in their talking and discussing together, Yeshua himself, coming near, traveled with them.  But their eyes were held so as to not recognize him.
     And he said to them, "What are these words which you{pl} exchange with each other while walking, and are downcast?"  Answering, one of them named Cleopas said to him, "Are you only a visitor to Jerusalem, and do not know the things happening in it these days?"  And he said to them, "What things?"
     And they said to him, "The things concerning Yeshua the Nazarene, who was a man, a prophet mighty in deed and word before God and all the people, how the chief priests and rulers both delivered him up to be condemned to death, and crucified him.  But we were hoping that he is the one going to redeem Israel.  But besides all this, the third day comes today since all this happened.  Also some women of our group astounded us, being at the tomb early and not finding his body; they came saying to have seen also a vision of messengers, who say that he lives.  Some of those with us went to the tomb, and found it just as the women said; but they saw nothing."
     And he said to them, "O fools, and slow of mind to believe all that the prophets have spoken!  Must not the Christ suffer these things and enter into his glory?"  And starting from Moses and all the prophets, he interpreted to them in all the scriptures the things about himself.
     So they draw near to the village where they were going, and he appeared to be going further.  But they constrained him, saying, "Stay with us, for it is toward evening and the day has now dwindled."  So he went in to stay with them.  It was in his relaxing with them, taking the bread, he blessed and braking it, gave it to them.  And their eyes were opened and they recognized him.  But he vanished from them.  So they said to each other, "Was not our heart burning within us as he talked to us along the road, as he opened to us the scriptures?"  And rising up in the same hour, they returned to Jerusalem, and found the eleven having been gathered together and those who were with them, saying, "The Master was really raised, and appeared to Simon!"  Then they reported the things on the way, and how he was known to them in the breaking of the bread.

Commentary: There is plenty of evidence to conclude that the verses in Mark 16:9-20 were not part of the original manuscript of the compiler of this Gospel, but were added later by various Christian commentators and thus cannot be as valid or reliable as the original material.  This author does not consider the summarized quotes of Yeshua and their concepts in this passage to be worthy of inclusion. Indeed, much of the account may be fabricated, especially much of the last paragraph.

Luke 24:36-43  With them saying these things, Yeshua himself stood among them and says, "Peace to you{pl}."  But being startled and filled with fear, they supposed they saw a ghost.  And he said to them, "Why are you{pl} troubled?  Why do wonderings rise in your hearts?  See my hands and my feet, that I am myself; touch me, and see; for a ghost has not flesh and bones as you{pl} see me having."  Having said this, he showed them his hands and feet.  While they were still disbelieving from joy and wonder, he said to them, "Have you{pl} any food here?"  So they handed him a piece of broiled fish and some honeycomb.  Receiving it among them, he ate.

Commentary: This account shows that Yeshua made a concerted effort to assure them that he had been physically resurrected, and that he was the same person that they knew previously.

Luke 24:44-49  Then he said to them, "These words I spoke to you{pl} while being with you{pl}, so that everything being written about me in the canon of Moses and the prophets and the psalms should be fulfilled."  Then he opened their minds to understand the scriptures, and said to them, "Thus it is written, and thus must the Christ suffer and rise from the dead the third day, and thus repentance and forgiveness of sins is to be preached in his authority to all nations, beginning from Jerusalem.  You{pl} are witnesses of these things.  So behold, I send forth the promise of my Father to you{pl}; but stay in the city of Jerusalem until you{pl} are clothed with power from on high."

Commentary: Given that the great revelation or apocalypse was demonstrated within the culture of Israel, the heavenly Father opted to fulfill some of the scripture in how things played out. This certainly cannot mean that the prophecies were infallible or set in stone.

Matthew 28:16-20  Mk 16:15-18"  And so the eleven disciples went to Galilee, to the mountain to where Yeshua directed them.  And seeing him they worshiped him; but some doubted.  So coming up, Yeshua talked with them, saying, "All authority in heaven and on earth was given to me.  Going then, make disciples in all nations, baptizing them into the authority of the Father and of the Son and of the God Attitude, teaching them to pay attention to all that I directed you{pl}; and behold, I am with you{pl} all the days until the completion of the age."

Commentary: The completion of the political age was the destruction of Jerusalem, but that of the spiritual age was his ascension soon to be.

Luke 24:50-53  Acts 1:6-11  So he led them out as far as Bethany, and then coming together, they asked him, "Sir, will you at this time restore the kingship to Israel?"  He said to them, "It is not within you{pl} to understand the agenda which the Father has fixed by his own authority.  But you{pl} will receive power, the God Attitude coming upon you{pl}: and you{pl} will be my witnesses in both Jerusalem and in all Judea, and Samaria and to the end of the earth." 
     Upon saying these things, and lifting up his hands he blessed them.  And it was that in his blessing them, with them looking on, he withdrew from them, and he was taken up into the sky, and a cloud took him out of their sight.  While they were gazing into the sky, and him going, behold, two men stood by them in white clothing, who also said, "Men of Galilee, why do you{pl} stand looking at the sky?  This Yeshua, the one being taken from you{pl} into the heavens, will thus come in the state you{pl} saw him going into the heaven."
     And having worshipped him, they returned to Jerusalem with great joy, and were continually in the temple praising and blessing God.  So be it.

Commentary: In the first paragraph, Yeshua makes it clear that they held false concepts of God and his agenda, and did not understand the truth nor were sealed in it. However, they could still be witnesses and receive limited support as such.
     The words of the messengers--angels or unfallen human beings--were NOT addressing his coming to earth again, but rather how he would show up wherever or whenever that might be. This commentator takes this to mean that anytime Yeshua presents himself publicly it will in be the same male, human, bodily form in which he left.

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