Advice on Intoxication
Ancient Explosion Reports
Annals of Addiction
Some Atheist Questions
Can We Agree on these?
Critique of A New Earth
Dead Broke Dads
Faith in Biblical Codes
John the Baptist
The Brothers Karamazov
How the World Will End
Importance of Catastrophism
Importance of Discussion
Kahlil Gibran on Law
Euhemerism & Catastrophe
EU/Catastrophe & Philosophy
Thoughts on Meditation
Model for Visions & Dreams
Some Pertinent Parables
Perspective on Myth
Questions Better than Answers
The Road to Saturn Thesis
Sex Bias in Medicine Practice
Spiritual versus Material
Symbolism of Human Body
Tobacco Corruption in AMA
Toxic Metals & Criminality
Unity Agreement Outline
The Velikovsky Debate
Unity Church Letter
The Velikovsky Affair Journals
What is a Prophet?
euhemerism: the theory of the Greek writer Euhemerus that the gods of mythology
were deified human beings; theory that myths are based on traditional accounts
of real people and events.
Euhemerism and Catastrophism
Victoria Park, WA, Australia
John Glover's suggestion that the philosophy of
Euhemerism be given equal teaching time with evolutionism and creationism, (TAG 84, letters section)
is timely, but the philosophy of catastrophism should also be reconsidered, especially
with the present concern that the Swift-Tuttle Comet could collide with the earth early next century;
commentary suggests that if this collision does happen, then the effect on the biosphere would be
fatal, and as one TV journalist stated, thankfully well beyond our own lifetimes. But it was
the catastrophic application of Euhemerism that caused lmmanual Velikovsky to receive hostile academic
criticism when his book World's in Collision was published in 1950. Criticism and
relegation of his theory to 'romantic nonsense' by modern science is unwarranted in the light of current
data. (A reconciliation of some of Velikovsky's hypotheses has been compiled by the
editors of Pensee(1976), and in a general sense, when Velikovsky's hypotheses have been scientifically
verified, they have been found correct).
The new physics
Recent developments in particle physics and related
psychological research has prompted Talbot to state:
" there is evidence to suggest that our world and everything
in it - from snowflakes to maple trees to failing stars and spinning
electrons - are also only ghostly images, projections from a reality so
beyond our own it is literally beyond both space and time" - Talbot,
Michael, The Holographic Universe, Harper-Perennial, 1992, p. 1.
These new data seriously challenge the Newtonian -
Cartesian paradigm of Western Science, dominated by the notion of linear time and its logical precursor,
Creation, or Time T=O. The distinction between a relatively short divinely created universe,
an almost incomprehensibly long “evolved” universe from an initial creative “Big Bang”, or a
steady state universe that always existed, with a cyclic sense of time, unpredictable catastrophic events
such as colliding galaxies and planetary collisions, is basically one of “time” and nothing else.
Carey describes the concept of a Null Universe in which
everything in the universe cancels, and tracks the concept back to Heraclitus of Ephesus,
'Whose universe had neither beginning nor end, with constant turmoil, generation, and destruction, but
without overall progressive change' (Carey, 1988 p. 342). Carey also suggests that there never was a 'Big
Bang' (Carey, 1988, p. 343), a concept that makes much scientific sense.
David Bohm of London University has suggested that the
universe is in essence a kind of giant, flowing hologram in which and underlying it
is a more
subtle, deeper order of existence which Bohm calls the implicate order, our level of existence, the
explicate order, exists (Talbot, 1991, p. 46). Talbot further states, “..despite its apparent materiality and
enormous size, the universe does not exist in or of itself” (Talbot, 1991, p. 52), and Bohm again “we
even construct space and time” (Talbot, 1991, p. 55).
Dr. Paul Davies (1992) summarises the orthodox view,
which is derived from the Big Bang concept, predicated by the Western scientific Judean-Christian
mindset. Davies himself is surprised at the number of colleagues who practice a conventional
religion (Davies 1992, p. 15).Proper scientific procedure demands that when historical data contradict
scientific premises, which themselves are empirically determined, then those premises must be
reevaluated in light of that historical data, rather than dismissing that data as fantasy.
Some historical data
Velikovsky (1950) deduced that at approximately 1500 BC
there occurred an interplanetary near collision between the earth and a comet (Venus), and
that at approximately 747 and 687 BC there occurred near collisions between Earth and Mars, with
Mars' orbit being affected by Venus, after which the solar system settled down to its present
state, but with periodic visitations by comets etc. Velikovsky also noted that prior to our year of
365.25 days, the year was 360 days long, and prior to that a year of even fewer days (Velikovsky
1950, p. 316-342).
There is an unambiguous palaeo-magnetic reversal dated
3500 BP, or 1500 BC, and another at approximately 800 BC (Velikovsky, 1956, p. 236). Now the
cause of geomagnetic polar reversals is unknown, but more important is the fact that some rocks
with reversed polarity are many times more strongly magnetised than the earth's magnetic field could
have caused them to be (Velikovsky, 1956, p.236). To this puzzle can be added the recent data of
Coe, who suggested that the magnetic field in a single basalt lava flow could have reversed within
the time span of a few weeks (TAG 84, 9). NO explanation for this fact has yet been offered.
Diamondiferous kimberlites are principally restricted
to the cool stable areas of continental crust, but why is unknown. As diamond has to come from depths
of at least 200 km below surface, either an increase in temperature or a release of pressure has to
occur at depth to produce melting to form the kimberlitic liquid. It is necessary that the time of
ascent be in the order of 5 to 8 hours, to ensure that the diamonds are not reabsorbed back into the
A sharp global stress, of geologically short
duration, could fracture the thick continental crust so that an almost instantaneous release of pressure could be
achieved at depth, thus forming a kimberlitic magma. An interplanetary near collision between the
earth and another body could create this crustal stress. This explanation also fits the required
catastrophic demand of a geological process requiring no more than 8 hours duration.
Mass species extinctions
Given that significant kimberlite volcanism occurred
during the Cretaceous period, as well as the mass extinctions of many species of the biosphere, then
it is within the realms of probability that both events had a common cause. Given the geochemical
anomaly at the K-T boundary, an interplanetary near collision between the earth and some other
planetoid seems more than probable. No alternative explanation for global mass extinction comes to mind
apart from classical Darwinian evolution, and Darwin himself regarded mass extinctions as a
Such a planetary interaction could also add
clarification to Carey's dilemma with the cause of earth expansion (Carey, 1976, p. 446), and if the collision
was between two electromagnetically charged bodies, and their collision buffered by their electric
and/or magnetic fields, then the crustal heat build-up could cause wholesale melting and thus
Both earth and Mars seem to possess the same type of
global structure, Earth “The Tethyan Shear”, and Mars “The great Equatorial Rift System” (Carey, 1988,
p.313-314). Could both structures have a common cause? Did Mars and Earth really engage in a
solar battle within historical times, mythologised by the Greeks and Romans? Are these
crustal scars causally related? But this proposed correlation suggests that the Tethyan event occurred in
the historical past, an obvious impossibility.
Young and Bryant (1992) have suggested Australia's
South eastern coast may have been affected by a Tsunami caused either by large marine avalanche,
earthquake or by an impact from a glancing meteorite. They think that these giant waves may play a
bigger role in coastal erosion than previously thought. A very large scale force is
required to create such a large wave.
Considering geomagnetic polar reversals, mass
extinctions and kimberlite volcanism, which are most probably the result of past collisions with other
planetoids, then variations in the length of the year or number days per year would indicate variations
either in the earth's axial speed, or its distance from its sun. That possibility is more than
probable if the earth was moved from its orbit by another erratic planetoid. That it could have
happened during historical times seems quite possible as Velikovsky notes that older time keeping
devices, such as water clocks and sundials, no longer work (Velikovsky, 1950, p.300.342) - Orthodox
opinion was that these ancients had not yet developed sufficient expertise in measuring time.
These ancients could make pyramids and other megalithic monuments, but could not tell time?
This deduction is predicated by Darwinian Evolution
which assumes that previous members of a species were less evolved, and in our case, not far removed
from a caveman existence. It is in this sense that the Paluxy River fossil prints are also rejected,
as Homo sapiens could not possibly have coexisted with dinosaurs. Yet the fact remains there
exist time pieces that don't work today. A more logical conclusion would be that the quantity that
these devices measured, changed. If the Paluxy River fossil prints are fact then evolution needs
Criticism of Velikovsky's ideas were not in terms of
the data used to form those deductions - rather, and more sadly, his most
vocal critics in academia had never read any of his books (The Editors of Pensee, 1976). (His reconstruction of ancient history,
however, has received strong support from radiocarbon dating). (Velikovsky, 1977, p. xvi-xvii).
Why Velikovsky's ideas should be regarded as fantastic
when they were deduced from historical data is puzzling. Is not an aprioristic belief in a created
universe and the existence of a God fantastic? Is not a scientific paradigm based on that apriorism even
more fantastic, however logical that paradigm?
This is not to say that the strides made by empirical
science are trivial, far from it. But Davies (1984) makes a pertinent statement in his book
“Fundamental to the notion of an orderly world is some
degree of permanence. If the whole world changed erratically from instant to instant, chaos
would reign... and that the Earth does not shoot off into interstellar space”,
and so on.
Darwinian evolution and geological uniformitarianism
are manifestations of that orthodox uniformist world view, so it seems useful to examine the
Catastrophic concept in light of the 'New Physics' and the 1992 Magellan 'data from Venus, since Velikovsky
did, after all, suggest that Venus should be a hot and young planet, which we now know it is.
It is this uniformist attitude that Velikovsky
questioned recognising it as a psychological reaction to deeper collective unconscious memory, denying a
catastrophic past and instead emphasising, to absurd degrees, the notion of a stable universe in
which catastrophes are absent. Velikovsky further stated "All of them, in texts bequeathed from the time
man learnt to write, tell in various forms the narrative that the trained eye of a psychoanalyst could
not but recognise as so many variants of the same theme; in hymns, in prayers, in historical texts,
in philosophical discourses, in records of astronomical observations, but also in legend and
religious myth, the ancients desperately tried to convey to their descendants, ourselves included,
the "record of events that left a strong imprint on the 'witnesses” (Velikovsky, 1982, p. 37).
Velikovsky, Bleuler, Freud and Jung accepted the basic
premise that ultimately all psychological phenomena are based on real physical events
(Velikovsky, 1982, p. 6-21). Humanity's collective species behaviour, as reflected in its historical cultural
traditions, including its approach to science, must have a basis in past physical fact, retained as a
collective subconscious species memory developed since the earliest days of its evolution.
These memories would affect future behaviour, much as an individual's memory's would result in a
recognisable psychologically predictab1e behaviour.
Velikovsky noted other enigmatic periodicities of
activity in nature, such as a seventeen year locust, to which no cause is known. Human civilisation
was also found to have historical periodicity, with an approximate 700 year cycle, and a shorter 52
Starting from 1500 BC, Velikovsky notes a second period
of catastrophic events during the period 747 BC - 687 BC. The third period occurred in the first
century BP during which Jesus prophesied the end of the world. When it failed to come he was crucified
and then expected to return in the days of the apostles (Velikovsky, 19821
In the seventh century AD the Prophet Mohammed preached
His message that nature would revolt and of life extinguishing for unbelievers when moral laws are
broken (Velikovsky, 1982, p. 305). Another period of frenzy occurred 700 years later during the
fourteenth century, when in 1337 a great comet appeared in the heavens, the black death scourged
Europe, and various religious revivals occurred, such as the sect of the Flagellants
(Velikovsky, 1982, p. 107-108).
There is now expectation of another period of
tribulation at approximately the twenty first century, The Christian Millennia, and the return of the
Swift-Tuttle comet in that time, with the possibility of a collision with the earth, stresses that
expectation scientifically. The 'New Age' philosophies seem to be variants of this expectation, with the Space
Brothers ready to collect the favoured few who will repopulate the cleansed' earth (see footnote).
Are we collectively, as a species, anticipating a
recurrence of past catastrophes? Has the earth’s human population thus increased to such an extent that
if another catastrophe did occur, sufficient numbers would be left to continue the species?
Our reductionist science has made many achievements,
but its greatest achievement has been the fragmentation of science, and therefore life, into many
separate disciplines, disciplines that have become so specialised that little or no
interdisciplinary interaction occurs. Each-discipline exists in its own little hermetically sealed world, ignoring
or disparaging others. Does it matter not the biologists and organic chemists are less enthusiastic
with the second law of thermodynamics than physicists, where in some experiments they have observed
reversals of entropy?
And what of geology, based on Darwin's and Lyell's
uniformist doctrines. Its rigid view of time not based in fact, but from the more rigid doctrine of
Darwinian Evolution, which by dealing with a strictly mechanical or chemical biosphere or universe
could not help but conceive of a long drawn out process to produce the diversity of species known
today and in the fossil record. Yet Darwin could only explain the lack of intermediate species by hiding
them in the stratigraphic lacunae, a most unsatisfactory procedure. A procedure identical to the
aprioristic assumption of a created universe, unable to be refuted nor confirmed. His doctrine has
become an absolute given, and when factual data are at variance, that data rejected.
Euhemerism therefore forms a solid bedrock on which to
interpret the geological past, and Velikovsky's interpretation of history should prompt a
reappraisal of our geological understanding of the historical present and enable us to make a more
accurate sense of geological history.
But Albert Einstein made one telling comment before he
died in 1955 -"For us believing physicists the distinction between past, present, and future is only
an illusion, even if a stubborn one' (Snow, 1991). If that be so, and all indications point to it,
then Euhemerism and the Swift-Tuttle comet may jolt us geologically into a new paradigm based on
empirical fact, rather than adjusting geological fact to Darwinian evolutionary theory and Lyellian
Footnote: From the Judean-Christian view, Revelations
14:4-6 appears interesting, since “men who have kept themselves chaste and have not defiled themselves
with women”, will be the Chosen 144,000 souls to be rescued; This could be a gay
Creationists and the Festival of light remaining on earth, not in heaven, as the Believers did on 0ctober
29th 1992 when the rapture was supposed to occur.
List of References
Carey, S.W., 1976. The Expanding Earth, Elsevier.
Carey, S.W., 1988. Theories of the Earth and Universe,
Stanton University Press.
Davies, P, 1984,,Superforce, Unwin Paperbacks.
Davies, P, 1992. The Mind of God, Simon & Schuster.
Snow, C.B., 1991, Dreams of the Future, Aquaria Press.
Talbot, M., 1991. The Holographic Universe, Grafton
Various, 1976. Velikovsky Reconsidered, The Editors of Pensee.
Velikovsky, I., 1950. Worlds in Collision, Victor, Gollancz Ltd.
Velikovsky, I., 1956. Earth in Upheaval, Abacus
Velikovsky, I., 197Z Peoples of the Sea, Doubleday &
Velikovsky, I., 1982. Mankind in Amnesia, Doubleday &
Young and Bryant, 1992. New Scientist, 17 Oct 1992.