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"There is no such way to gain admittance, or give defense to strange and absurd doctrines, as to guard them round about with legions of obscure, doubtful, and undefined words; which yet make these retreats more like the dens of robbers, or holes of foxes, than fortresses of fair warriors." - John Locke

Updated: 06/28/2021

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Definitions are the language building blocks for EVERY construct described or represented. As such, it is CRUCIAL that they can adequately support what is being addressed.

There are at least three levels of problems associated with definitions: 1) they can be shallow, inadequate or irrelevant, 2) they can be blurry or indistinct, and 3) they can be misguided or wrong. They are also not absolute in that every person forms their own concept of the word despite what the dictionary may say. In other words, we have NOT been injected with a perfect concept of the important words in our description of realities, and many words are borrowed and/or come to us from preceding languages. When a language is translated, the words do not necessarily map 1 to 1.

There are dozens of dictionaries that are published, and many online, so why bother to deal with definitions on this site? The answer is that too many times the definitions given are shallow and little more that lists of synonyms, and don't get down to the bedrock of the issue. For instance, the deep definition of "worship" should be: "To give credit for the sustenance or enhancement of life, or some combination thereof." But try to find that definition in ANY dictionary out there! The publicly proffered definitions are all shallow or misguided.

One of the significant problems in human affairs and the intellectual and spiritual arena of this world is that we are generally apathetic if not hostile to good precise word definitions and usage. Our original words with rather clear and specific meanings have been blurred and conflated, used interchangeably when not valid. And we let the meaning of the words change and drift over relatively short periods of time. This careless drift is part of our confused, messy world, and introduces systemic obfuscation. One of the best (or worst) examples of conflation or overlapping general usage is this trio of words: See: rational, logical, and reasonable

Dealing with spiritual issues without adequate word definitions is like fixing mechanical watches with blurry vision and shaky hands. The communication is thus incomplete, misguided, and/or misunderstood, and the confusion and frustration can mount up until usually people are turned off to further discussion or attempt to understand. Word definitions in usage today have wandered significantly from their original and more precise meanings. with many of these definitions now "obscure, doubtful" and vague. The definitions below are an attempt to go back to the original meaning of the words in their Sanskrit and Indo-European roots. Most dictionaries are ignorant of Sanskrit often having the deepest roots. English has come to us primarily from Sanskrit, Greek, and Latin, the three ancient languages from which about 90+% of English originated.


AMEN: "Amen, used at the end of a prayer in Hebrew and in European languages that borrowed it from Hebrew, was the name of the Egyptian deity Jupiter. It is part of the names of many Egyptian kings–Amenhotep, Tutankhamen; of the same root is amen–'to believe.'” - Immanuel Velikovsky

APPREHEND v: To grab hold with the mind, but does not imply the greater dimensions of understanding nor comprehending.

ADULTERY, n: The degrading or lessening of value of something pure and special by contamination through downgrading or violating its structure or intent.


BELIEF n: A conviction or mental acceptance by or through CHOICE of something or certain things as true and real. Distinguished from knowledge in that belief is not fully based on sensory input, experience, empirical evidence or logic dissociated from purpose and reason. It is compelled by either attraction to goodness or objection to evil.

BELIEF SYSTEM n: That intellectual structure of learned knowledge, indoctrinated concepts and chosen beliefs that determines our will, conscience and ultimate behavior. See: paradigm, religion.

BELIEVE v: This word does not just mean to retain the selected concept in one's belief system, but means to choose to incorporate a certain conception from an issue, which is not totally knowable from information, into your belief system because you like or love the concept; from "be" meaning be and "liev" meaning like or love.  Just holding onto a concept that one did not consciously choose is not actively believing, like locking yourself behind the door instead of opening it and looking through it to see if you want to GO through it. It is always either fear of evil or credit for goodness that compels belief.
    Specifically, in a moral and religious reference, (believe) is used in the New Testament of the conviction and trust to which a man is impelled by a certain inner and higher prerogative and law of his soul (Thayer's GREEK-ENGLISH LEXICON of the New Testament, 4th edition). See: Amen, belief system, knowledge, choice, conception, idealism, religion.

BLASPHEMY n The act of insulting or showing contempt or a deep lack of respect or reverence.


CHARACTER n: The active ethos of a person, and it is the continuity of purpose and attitude, which comprise the will. Character lies more directly in the will, which "may" be responsible enough to set boundaries for thinking and behavior.

COMPREHEND v: Literally to encircle or enclose, to fully engulf with the mind, and it transcends apprehension and implies understanding.

CONCEIVE v: The act or ability of becoming pregnant with ideas, of forming or developing ideas in the consciousness by intellect or insight; to think, imagine, understand or comprehend. See: mind, intelligence, intellect, heart.

CONCEPT n: A mental formation or structure that coalesces from previously learned material that seemingly makes something more coherent, organized or more meaningful. CONCEPTION implies a package of closely knit concepts related to a matter.

CONFUSION n: Literally "with melting", a state where reality is blurred so as to not be clear or distinguishable, ultimately not knowable. See: superstition, mysticism.

CREDO n: Generally same as creed. Latin for I believe, and thus a personal statement of belief.

CREED n: Somewhat brief and specific outline or statements of belief, generally held to be true by some group or organization.

CULT n: A certain group of people that are unduly influenced and controlled by a dominant leader who maintains personal spiritual/psychological control over the members and activities.


DEISM n: Belief in a Creator that does not care to provide a special revelation beyond the natural world. Contrasts with Theism

DEITY n: Essentially in most cases equivalent to a Creator or demigod, but does not imply the dimensions of a God worthy of the term..

DESIRE n: Relates to that which is necessary for the enhancement of life.

DEVIL n: The term actually means "divider" (Diabolos in Greek), and in false traditional Christian theology stands for the original empowered angel now turned completely evil when it should stand for the original lie. NOT the same as Satan.

DIVINE adj: Having the nature or virtue of healing. The common contrast with "human" is an artificial one.

"The word theion translated 'brimstone' is exactly the same word theion  which means 'divine'.  Sulfur was sacred to the deity among the ancient Greeks; and was used to fumigate, to purify, and to cleanse and to consecrate to the deity; for this purpose they burned it in their incense.  In Homer's Iliad (16:228), one is spoken of as purifying a goblet with fire and brimstone.  The verb derived from theion is theioo, which means to hallow, to make divine, or to dedicate to a god.  (See: Liddell and Scott Greek-English Lexicon, 1897 Edition.)

DOCETISM n: The doctrine, characteristic of the Christian Gnostics, that Jesus did not really suffer in the flesh, but only appeared to do so.

DOCTRINE n: A theory presented as to have been carefully considered, a teaching or the set of teachings of a belief system that is advocated by being carefully worked out from bases and principles considered to be true. See: belief, dogma, precept, tenet.

DOGMA n: A decreed belief or set of beliefs that is formally and authoritatively affirmed, and is considered to be unassailable or indisputable.


ECCLESIA n: An ancient Greek word which refers to a group of people who are called or selected because of their wisdom and insight, and come together to do something about the ultimate or extreme issues which they find themselves facing. NOT the same as church, denomination, or any other multitude of people.

EMPATHY n: The ability to understand and share the feelings of others. Empathy, a newer word than sympathy, is often described as the ability to feel what others are feeling as if you are feeling it yourself, especially feelings of sorrow or angst. See: SYMPATHY

ENERGY n: The definition of energy is that it is always MATTER IN MOTION, not something mystical nor a thing in and of itself.

ETHICS n: The philosophical study of proper standards of conduct and value judgment, specifically as to how they affect other people's right and wellbeing; and/or any resultant system or code of behavior of a person or group. NOT to be conflated with Morals. Ethics primarily applies to how we treat other people, and morals primarily apply to how protect and enhance our own morale.

ETHICAL adj: Not in violation but in line or harmony with human dignity, rights or well-being.

EVIL n: That which diminishes, interferes with or threatens the sustenance and enhancement of life and THEREBY DECREASES MORALE. See: Definition of Evil


FAITH n: The personal commitment of volition to choose, in the realm of belief, the best or personally most positive aspect of issues rather than the negative. To first trust God that he has given you an innate ability, and ultimately, to trust that ability to understand and appreciate him, and trust that he will actively lead you in that understanding and appreciation. A general stance that the prevailing ethic in the wider universe is goodness, not evil. See: believe.

FEAR n: The giving of credit for the possibility or intent of decreasing, detracting from, or eliminating the sustenance and/or enhancement of life. The opposite of worship. FEAR v: to give such credit.

FORGIVENESS n: The dismissal of, or giving of relief from, emotional trauma or concern for both the recipient and the giver.

FREEDOM n: Freedom incorporates as much liberty as reasonable, but focuses on freedom FROM evil results, and liberty focuses on unrestrained behavior. Freedom should be MORE important and extensive than liberty because liberty is restricted by ethics. See: Liberty


GNOSIS n: Supposedly true or special knowing

GNOSTICISM n: A religion about planet earth and its place in the universe as an outlying region occupied by the evil force struggling against the power of good.

GOD n: Traditionally defined as a transcendent supra-human being in terms of power and control, the term should instead be value-loaded with goodness and refer to a being or entity with ideal character, purpose and values for us as individuals and as a corpus. The term should be decoupled from the term Creator because these are not the same, and the relevant issues are different.

GOODNESS n: That which supports and delivers the sustenance and enhancement of life, and thereby increases morale.


HELL n: Wrung from a very strained doctrine based upon a very few New Testament texts, which are mistranslated or misinterpreted, it is supposed to be a place of eternal torment where the doomed participants are tortured with their flesh literally and endlessly burning. The foundation for this construct ultimately comes from the fire and brimstone raining down from the sky in many ancient planetary catastrophes.

HOLY SPIRIT, n.: The all sufficient attitude, the "God Spirit", truth inspired attitude, or Inspirational Love Attitude. It is not a ghostly entity nor a being that is alive or is a member of the trinity.

HOSANNA v. A form of a Hebrew verb, it is an ardent demand.. Hosanna means "now or with all speed', avenge us, defend us, deliver us, help us, succor us, preserve us, rescue us, save us, get victory for us."  Christendom confuses this as a term of praise,

HYPOCRISY n: This is a compound word from Greek "Hypo", meaning below, underneath, or lacking in, and Greek "Krisis", meaning distinction, discrimination, judgment, decision, critical thinking, and literally means inauthentic behavior, thinking, or especially belief below or lacking in critical judgment.


IDEALISM n: That inner spiritual sense or conception from the heart or internal reference point which conceives of how things should be or as one would ultimately want them to be. See: believe, heart.

IGNORANCE (ig' nar ans) n. 1. The condition or quality of being willfully ignorant or refusing to consider salient information or pertinent issues.
[Commentary: Note that the original pronunciation of this word was probably (ig nor' ans), which brings out the subconscious or conscious refusal to consider pertinent issues or information]

IGNORANT (ig' nar ant) adj. 1. Having little inclination to become aware of or willingness to consider salient or pertinent information.
[Commentary: Note that the original pronunciation of this word was probably (ig nor' ent), which brings out the subconscious or conscious unwillingness to consider pertinent information]

IGNORE (ig nor') vt. 1. To disregard deliberately; pay no attention to; refuse to consider. [Commentary: Note that there is a component of will in the meaning of this word]

INFORMATION n: Facts or data that are incorporated into a person's mind that become useful or significant; different from knowledge or truth. See: knowledge, logical.

INSPIRATION n: An idea or compendium of information, the aspects of which appeal to the mind and emotions. raises morale, and motivates a person to act or behave in a certain way. NOT the same as Revelation.

INSTRUCTION n: Something presented to be learned, and can be a teaching, lesson, precept or direction; but not an order to be obeyed. See: commandment, direction.


KNOWLEDGE n: Learned structures of information or logical conclusions that take on quality, value and meaning for a person; not the same as belief, which is more volitional. See: information, logical, truth. See: Knowledge Categories


LANGUAGE n: Any extensive system of signal codes. A complete or mature general language has "words" that can define the meaning of other words and describe the various aspects of objects, experience, matters and other facets of reality. Written languages generally have alphabets and mathematical symbols that can do the same.

LIBERTY n: Liberty is the extent to which behavior is unrestrained, and ideally it is restrained only be ethics and responsibility. See: Freedom

LICENTIOUSNESS, n: A legalistic term referring to taking a license to violate the false, mythical code of fiat law or its interpretation. The heritage of freedom and liberty IS our license to do anything that we so desire as long as it is ethical, isn’t dangerous or harmful and increases morale.

LOGICAL adj: Able to interpret and deal with the facts and information of a matter and come to some sound conclusions and knowledge. Not the same as rational or reasonable.

LOVE n: Prudently roviding or delivering what is wanted and needed to sustain and enhance life.

LOVING: Loving involves improving the sustenance and enhancement of another person's life. When you truly love someone more than just emotionally, you don't just want or need them but you are highly motivated to deliver what they need and what they want, and yet may be precluded from doing so by inability or circumstances. When you love someone literally, you actually deliver to some extent what they need and what they want. Genuine love is certainly NOTJUST FEELING OR SENTIMENT. Thus genuine love cannot be decoupled from fulfilling legitimate needs and desires. The Greeks called this kind of love, agape, meaning active, tangible or impactful, delivered love.

LUCIFER n: The term originally meant "light bearer" in Latin and is used in ancient mythology and the Old Testament to refer to either the planet Mars or Venus, both of which played the role at different times of being the light bearer having "fallen" from the realm above.


MATTER n: Something serious or of some import, a development or issue that has meaning, i.e., that affects the enhancement or sustenance of life, something that affects feeling and emotion.

MEANING n: That which potentially or literally succors and feeds the soul, and satisfies its needs and desires and increases understanding or morale. See: spirit

MESSIAH n  Same as Christ. The expected human savior of the Israelites, a king appointed by God, and one who will set things right and raise Israel to preeminence on the world stage.

MIDWIT n: Generally a neutral or uncomplimentary term, it signifies a person of average or midlevel intelligence and understanding that cannot integrate more than obne or two aspects or issues innto a larger, more meaning view of reality.

MORALITY n: The study or concern over behavior that affects our morale and the morale of others. The intrinsic level of morale enhancement in a given action or situation. NOT the same as ethical, which involves the rights and wellbeing of others..

MYSTERY n: That which is NOT understood but which CAN be understood with more information or insight.

MYSTICISM n: That which cannot be understood, but only accepted. Contrasts with mystery. Associated with superstition.


NEED n, Relates to that which is necessary for the sustenance of life.


ORTHODOX adj: Original meaning is essentially 'right belief" but now has little meaning besides "majority" or mainstream, and the word in common usage no longer implies true or right belief..


PARADIGM n: From the Greek word "paradeigma", which means model or pattern; it is the under-girding conceptual framework of our conceived reality that describes boundaries, structures our perceptions, and limits or determines what conclusions we make out of information and what truths we come to hold from these conclusions.

PERCEPTION n: The act or ability of taking hold, or grasping mentally; recognizing, observing or becoming aware through the five senses or intuition. See: apprehend, mind, consciousness, intelligence, sentience.

PHILOSOPHY n: From the Greek, "friendly to wisdom" or "love of Wisdom", the systematic study and collection of wisdom and the pursuit of truth incorporating experience, science and theology. See: religion, science, theology.

PRECEPT n:: An instruction or directive intended to be a rule of action or conduct.


RATIONAL adj: Able to recognize and access the pertinent facts and information concerning a matter. Not the same as logical or reasonable.

REACT v: To deal with a situation or matter in an automatic, raw, thoughtless or merely emotional way. Contrasts with Respond. which incorporates responsibility.

REASON n: 1) the purpose of a thing or action, 2) The use of purpose and logic; REASON v, to use logic and purpose to sort out or arrive at the essence or truth of a matter.

REASONABLE adj: in accordance with the information, logic and purpose of a matter. NOT the same as but incorporates and transcends Rational and Logical.

RELIGION n: This word comes from "re", meaning again or to do again, and from Greek roots meaning to collect or bind with reason, giving 'bind together with logic'. It has come to mean the personal formal belief system and practices pertaining to all spiritual and experiential realities, one's overall logical and reasonable conception of all reality. A religion that does not bind God and man together with logic is a false religion. See: logical, philosophy, science, theology.

RESPOND v: To deal with a situation or matter in a considered, constructive, measured, effective way. Contrasts and/or transcends "react", which is a more emotional, unconstructed or automatic stimulus to act.

RESPONSIBILITY n: Literally the ability to respond appropriately; should NOT be confused with assigning blame.

REVELATION n: A revealing of actual facts and information through words or a demonstration that is conveyed and appeals to, and is accessed by the rational intellect. Contrasts with Inspiration.


SALVATION n: An actual deliverance or preservation from pain, suffering, danger, harm, or death. Contrasts with being taken to heaven or being in a state of merely designated salvation.

SATAN n: The term in Hebrew means blocker, obstructer or one who opposes; in the Old Testament an angel that worked for God and now is wrongly associated or conflated with the New Testament Devil.

SCIENCE n: Although the word originally meant knowledge, it now signifies the systematic observation, study and verification of experiential information and possession of knowledge of the facts and consistent logical extensions or conclusions about an object, the material universe or its aspects and systems. Science deals in the realm of the tangible, physical, knowable or observable, and pertains to knowledge of how and what things happen. Science is essentially the study of causality but is excluded from dealing with why in terms of ultimate purpose.
     A specific science definition would be according to D.E. Collingwood: "The word 'science', in its original sense, which is still its proper sense not in the English language alone but in the international language of European civilization, means a body of systematic or orderly thinking about a determinate subject-matter." See: philosophy, religion, theology.

SIN n: The holding of a fundamentally wrong, counter-productive concept of the Creator's nature, character, purpose and values.

SIN v: to magnify and entrench the holding of a wrong concept of the Creator.

SIN, UNPARDONABLE n: reaching a state of total commitment to a wrong concept of the Creator.

SPIRIT n: Attitude, sum total of a persons purpose, values, innate desires, and will held to give life meaning to physical organisms, a temper or disposition of mind, the activating or essential principle influencing a person, a special attitude or frame of mind, a mental disposition characterized by firmness or assertiveness, the general intent or real meaning of a communication. Contrasts with concepts of incorporeal beings and entities. Specifically in ontology, the director of human volition and will.

SPIRITUAL adj: on the opposite end of the spectrum from physical it primarily means non-material, related to producing morale, meaningful, pertaining to the realm of theological ideas and beliefs, relating to intellectual, philosophical and religious matters rather than material matters. Stands in fundament contrast with Physical or Material.

SUPERSTITION n: An idea or belief that is unscientific or of  unsound logic that sets up a false understanding that bypassed the truth or proper action, and often sets up a context of fear. See: fear, mysticism.

SYMPATHY n: the ability to feel compassion and sorrow for the plight of another person. Not the same as empathy. See: EMPATHY


TENET n: A principle or belief that is maintained or defended rather than being presented as merely doctrinal teaching or hypothesis. See: Dogma.

THEISM n: Belief that the Creator has given us a "special revelation" beyond that which can be inferred from looking at ourselves or the natural world. Contrasts and transcends Deism.

THEOLOGY n: The systematic study of and reasonable interpretation of conceptual information, and possession of spiritual knowledge and consistent logical extensions or conclusions primarily about the Creator and theism as subject. Theology deals with the intangible or initially unknowable, spiritual truths which one must choose to believe, and should always pertain to why as well as how the Creator relates to the universe and humanity. See: philosophy,, theism, religion, science.

"The word theion translated 'brimstone' is exactly the same word theion  which means 'divine'.  Sulfur was sacred to the deity among the ancient Greeks; and was used to fumigate, to purify, and to cleanse and to consecrate to the deity; for this purpose they burned it in their incense.  In Homer's Iliad (16:228), one is spoken of as purifying a goblet with fire and brimstone.  The verb derived from theion is theioo, which means to hallow, to make divine, or to dedicate to a god."  (See: Liddell and Scott Greek-English Lexicon, 1897 Edition.)

TRINITY n: in traditional Christian theology, the holy trinity stood for the godhead of three gods in one, a mysterious and confusing construction impossible to understand. The concept derives from the ancient Trimurti of planet gods.

TRUTH n: The valid, correct and beautiful conception or construct of knowledge and belief that must be chosen. It relates to literal reality and ultimately to God and humanity; not the same as information, knowledge or belief. On a lesser level, it means the correct distillation from the pertinent knowledge. What is the difference between "Truth" versus valid information or knowledge? These latter always make a difference, sometimes a huge or crucial difference, but Truth makes THE difference. See: knowledge, belief, wisdom.


UNDERSTAND v: The word "understand" is a compound word composed of "stand" and "under" implying support. In terms of concepts and ideas it is to know, or intellectually grasp or See: enough of the idea or concept to properly deal with it. In terms of relationships with other living beings it means to spiritually and/or psychologically see enough of the person's makeup, the character, purpose, values, mindset or attitude, and behavior, to lend at least some degree of legitimate agreement and support. In the case of a person worthy to be called God, presumably upon seeing enough, we would enthusiastically and wholeheartedly endorse and support.
     Greater or more expansive than conceive or apprehend, the word "understand" is not as far-reaching or presumptuous as to comprehend. And so it is a mistake to confuse the meaning of the words "comprehend" and "understand". See: comprehend, which comes from a root meaning to encircle, to encompass, to totally surround or engulf. Seeing and encompassing are two distinctly different actions or endeavors, and the words based in their roots cannot legitimately mean the same thing.


VICTIMHOOD n. Being forced to be in an undesirable situation, to do something that you don't want to do, or to experience something that you don't want to endure.

VOLITION n: A three tiered structure of potential in the Homo Sapien, which like language and other abilities and facets can be awakened to nurture the spiritual growth of a Human Being. It can be simplified in this way: 1) We can CHOOSE what to believe, 2) We can WILL how to be, and 3) We can DECIDE how to act and what to do. The operation of the latter two depend greatly upon the first.


WISDOM n: A combination of factual knowledge, true belief, humane values, proper purpose, valid experience and understanding of God and humanity resulting in a practical ability to sustain and enhance life and deal with complex or expansive situations. See: believe, knowledge, purpose, understand.

WORSHIP v: To give credit for the origin, yet more especially the sustenance, and most especially the enhancement of life. The opposite of fear.

For those definitions related to life see: Life Definitions
For those definitions related to the mind see: Mind Definitions
For those definitions related to the intellect see: Intellect Definitions

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