"The thing that
struck me most... was the ephemeral character of the theories which
successive generations of astronomers have been pontifically
propounding to the world as "discoveries" of absolute truth. I
could not forget that [James] Jeans and [Arthur] Eddington
thoroughly discredited [Pierre-Simon] Laplace... with their new
theories as to the origin of the solar system. Now come Hoyle and
Nettleton only ten or twenty short years after Jeans and Eddington,
and thoroughly discredit their theories as well. It therefore
occurs to me that if the holy script of orthodox astronomy is of so
temporary and ephemeral a nature and if directly contradictory
theories and beliefs are the fashion among them every ten years or
so, what right have they got to question your hypotheses [Worlds in Collision] with such
conviction?" - Abraham Tulin
It seems most ironic that the scientific
method that Descartes, Bacon, and friends presented to
release humanity from the tyranny of organized religion now
threatens to become further dogma. - Brian Van der Horst,
"Science and Scientism", New Age, September, 1979, p.20.
The Importance of Catastrophism
Matthew Pasek, professor of geosciences at University of
South Florida, published an article in
www.theconversation.com titled "Catching lightning in a
fossil and calculating how much energy a strike contains."
This is an important article because it shows once again
that without an understanding of ancient but relatively
recent catastrophism one
just CANNOT get the context for the truth in so very many
areas. The article is about a study of fulgurites where they
are trying to estimate the power of lightning strikes by
measuring the size and length of the fulgurites found around the earth.
"So based on our calculations, how close does
Hollywood come, with estimates like in Back to
the Future of 1.21 gigawatts of power in
lightning? Power is energy per time, and our
measurements of fulgurites suggest that
megajoules of energy make rock in thousandths to
millionths of seconds.
"So a gigawatt is actually on the low side – lightning power may be a
thousand times that, reaching into the
terawatts, though the average is probably tens of gigawatts." -
MATTHEW PASEK, "There's way more energy in a bolt of lightning than we thought."
Guess what? There is a huge and disturbing anomaly that they
have found, i.e., that the larger strikes are far outside
the average. Of course, they don’t have a clue that the
larger fulgurites could have (probably have) been caused by
INTER-PLANETARY DISCHARGES, which would dwarf our normally
experienced lightning. This leaves them thinking what is in
the quote provided below, that lightning may be up to
1000 times as powerful as is actually the case.
An oddity in the pattern
When we looked at these fulgurites
in depth, something odd came out of the data. Our energy measurements
followed something called a 'lognormal' trend.
Rather than following the bell curve we often see in the distribution
of natural phenomena – like, for instance, the heights of American
men – the energy curve was less equally balanced. For heights, the
same number of men are two inches above average as are two inches below.
But for lightning, the large lightning strikes were
much larger than the average, while the smaller strikes were not so much
smaller than the average. Strikes that were twice the average were as
frequent as those that were half the average.
Now why might this be at all interesting or useful? Measuring the energy
in lightning is a way of measuring potential damage: A lightning
strike can vaporize rock, so what might it do to wood or electronics?
Our measurements show that the biggest lightning strikes are multiples of
the average lightning strikes: A big one might be 20 times as large as the
Repression of catastrophism in the last 200 years
Up until the middle of the nineteenth century, the thinking of civilization
concerning the human past on earth was catastrophic. Then in England
along came men like Babbage, Lyell,
Scrope, Darwin and Mantell, etc., who, with an anti-religious agenda
and a concerted effort, managed to replace catastrophism with
gradualistic, uniformitarian and evolutionistic thinking in the
halls of academia and to a great extent, the public consciousness.
See: Origin of Modern Geology
These men succeeded largely by introducing vast amounts of time
into the interpretation of geological and paleontological strata on
the surface of the earth. Currently, these systems of reconstruction
of the past prevail and are vigorously prosecuted in science and academia,
while planetary catastrophism is denied and repressed with a vengeance.
Because of this denial of the earth's recent past, now there is not
the slightest indication in the article that any one of
the scientists even asked the question as to whether they should
consider ancient thunderbolts as the possible cause of these
outsized fulgurites. So, the Uniformitarian thinking is still
alive and well, and it precludes and excludes other more promising
explanations. Every geologist should be exposed (have his nose
rubbed in?) to this article and the issue.
For important information on a historic cometary catastrophe see: