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"There are a thousand hacking at the branches of evil to
  one who is striking at the root."
- Henry David Thoreau
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...nor have I subscribed to the view, conversely, that there is no relationship between a person's "personhood" and the functions of their soul, which would include, of course, the functions of their will, intellect, emotions, and brain. It is, I suspect, a very complex phenomenon not neatly divided into tidy Cartesian dualisms, with numerous feedback loops between the two. This said, however, the problem arises then that the brain is not the creator of individuality, but rather, its transducer (and, if I may employ a more ancient version of the term, its traducer).
Quote taken from: https://gizadeathstar.com/2017/06/immortality-resurrection-inc/


Omni Magazine

A bizarre brain injury sheds light on the conscious mind
By Jeff Goldberg

The plight of patient "E. H." was reminiscent of a Twilight Zone episode.  One morning she woke up unable to recognize the faces of her husband and daughter.  Although she could still identify her loved ones by voice and physical mannerisms, theirs were like faces in a crowd, stripped of meaning.

Tests performed at the University of Iowa College of Medicine by neurologist Antonio Damasio revealed that E. H. had suffered a stroke, resulting in a rare condition called face agnosia in which brain damage impairs only a victim's ability to recognize faces while all other mental functions remain intact.  E. H. could not identify the face of a single relative or friend, either in person or from photographs; nor could she learn to recognize new faces such as Damasio's.  Yet she displayed normal learning and memory, read without difficulty, and she had 20/20 vision in both eyes.

She may know this is the face of a happy young woman, but not know it's the face of her daughter Even her own face in the mirror is unfamiliar, a reflection devoid of identify.

Such case histories are not isolated anomalies in Damasio's clinical practice.  For 20 years he has studied face agnosia in an effort not only to diagnose its cause, but to identify underlying brain structures responsible for the ability to recognize the vast catalog of faces encountered in a lifetime.

To probe for answers to the mysteries of face recognition and its sudden loss, Damasio routinely relies on his wife Hanna, a neurologist and anatomist, who specializes in advanced imaging systems like magnetic resonance and CAT scans.  These tools enable her to create detailed graphic reconstructions of the damaged areas responsible for the symptoms of face agnosia and other puzzling amnesic syndromes.

While the inability to recognize faces can be symptomatic of a more widespread deterioration of brain cells, such as in late-stage Alzheimer's disease, the Damasios have found that injuries causing the pure form of face agnosia are usually confined to specific regions.  Most often affected are areas Damasio calls convergence zones, which link circuits of neurons processing visual information with other streams of sensory information, like the sound of a voice or the movement of someone's gestures.  These convergence zones are connected to higher brain centers of memory function and storage.

These many levels of circuitry normally contribute to the sense of familiarity we feel when we see someone we know.  But in patients with face agnosia, this circuit is broken at some-critical juncture.  They can still recognize an individual's voice or gait.  Nor do they lose the general concept of faces or the ability to recognize and relate appropriately to expressions like anger, sadness, and joy, Damasio points out.  "They will still know the expression and that a face is a face.  The breakdown is at the level of uniqueness."

Damasio's conclusion that face recognition–and perhaps awareness in general–takes place simultaneously on levels of brain processing circuits was dramatically illustrated in a recent experiment.  Using a device similar to a lie detector, Damasio and Daniel Tranel measured skin-conductance responses of four patients with severe face agnosia, but no other intellectual impairment, to see how they would respond on a non-conscious level to photographs of family, physicians, famous actors, and politicians.  In every case, the patients' pronounced physical responses indicated that some form of recognition was occurring, even though they could not verbally distinguish familiar face from strange.

Damasio thinks such "covert" recognition may be a type of internal-alert mechanism, triggering the succession of orchestrated responses that ultimately converge in the conscious flash we call recognition.  "Recognition in the true sense must be conscious," Damasio adds.  "When you recognize your mother or the president on TV, you register not only the physical characteristics of that face and the fact that you've seen it before, but much of the history making that face unique is recalled simultaneously.  In these patients the brain is clearly signaling it knows a particular face, but the person cannot solve the mystery behind the mask."

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