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"Humanity alone is 'sacred'.  Human life is the only reality that has a status above that of 'created things.'"  Jacques Ellul, The Subversion of Christianity, Wm. B. Erdmans Publishing Co., Grand Rapids, MI, p. 56.

Some of the Parables Explained
Updated: 02/29/2020

Below are most of the parables found in the synoptic Gospels. Omitted are the more simple and direct analogies, object lessons, and the parables that Jesus himself explained. The commentary and interpretations given are generally not the traditional ones, but are compatible with the Kingship of the Heavens Gospel.

Aspects and features of parables in general

The true nature of the Hebrew parable construct that Jesus sometimes used is probably not  completely understood, but a few things are clear:

1. Parables can be different from analogies, and are not meant necessarily to give us a one to one symbolic correspondence or substitution code for real aspects
2.  Parables can be used to portray AND veil the truth, and Jesus actually claimed to do the latter at times.
3.  Parables are usually designed to enlighten and give insights
4.  Parables can be designed and used to induce critical thinking and discussion
5.  There are different categories of parables that Jesus produced, such as those designed to:
      a.  Illustrate insights and truths
      b.  Correct thinking, attitude or course of action
      c.  Induce a course of thinking or action
      d.  Affirm a Gospel induced position or behavior
6. The broken spirit or mentality of Man on earth was too wounded, depressed and/or depraved to initially even consider what Jesus was talking about and offering. See: Thomas 28. Many of the parables are "Kingship of the Heavens" parables intended to induce an understanding that had not previously entered into the mind of Man on earth. See: Kingship of the Heavens
7.  Parables should NEVER be used to produce, or be the basis for doctrines, as that should be in the domain of "common sense" applied to the paradigm and non-parable teachings of Jesus. However, parables may affirm and/or induce more understanding of doctrinal issues.
8.  It would be surprising if a couple or a few of the sayings and parables were not of Pharisaical origin but offered to the synoptic compiler and then recorded as having been used or repeated by Jesus. It would also be surprising if the parables have come down to us verbatim–there are some minor differences between the different synoptic recordings–but the interpreter and provider of the commentary below does not find any significant problems with the content. The premise and claim is that by combining the duplicated synoptic accounts, nothing significant is lost and something better is gained.
9.  It is somewhat enlightening to note the elements used by Jesus in his parables, analogies and metaphors. These included clothes, food and drink, trees, plants, seeds and grains, servants and rulers, buildings and materials, fish, animals and livestock, coins and treasure, etc., all common to the culture. If the Israelites and Jews had been a seafaring people, these elements probably would have been or included boats and ships, ropes and sails, keels, rudders and masts, harbors, winds, waves and storms; and Davy Jones's locker instead of Hades.

Correcting and "inducing" parables pertain to human thinking, action or behavior, and relate to what God would like us to think and not think, do and not do. These parables cannot be interpreted properly without understanding that the primary things that God wants us to do are to seek the truth and believe what Jesus says, and thereby understand. All other aspects of attitude and behavior are supposed to follow naturally from THIS course of action.

Luke 5:33-39  Mt 9:14-17  Mk 2:18-22  Now the disciples of John and the Pharisees were fasting, and some of John's disciples came to him and said to him, "The disciples of John fast often and make prayers, and also those of the Pharisees, but yours eat and drink."  And Jesus said to them, "The bridegroom's friends are not able to mourn or fast while the bridegroom is with them, but the days will come, when the bridegroom is taken away from them; then they will fast in those days."
     He also told a parable to them: "No one takes a piece from a new garment and puts it upon an old garment; else, both the new will tear and the piece from the new will not match the old.  And no one puts fresh wine into old wineskins; else, the fresh wine will burst the wineskins and it will spill out, and the skins will be destroyed.  Fresh wine is to be put into new wineskins so both are preserved.  But no one drinking old wine right away desires new; for he says, 'The old is better.'"

Luke 6:39-42  Mt 7:3-5  He told them a parable: "Is a blind man able to lead a blind man, won't they both fall into the ditch?  A disciple is not above his teacher, but every one having been matured will be like his teacher.  Why do you see the twig in your brother's eye, but don't consider the log that is in your own eye?  Or how can you say to your brother, 'Brother, let me take out the twig in your eye,' yourself not seeing the log in your own eye?  You hypocrite, first take the log out of your eye, and then you will see clearly to take out the twig in your brother's eye."

Site Commentary: Note that eyes and seeing relate to apprehending and understanding. This parable clearly indicates that we should not come on as teachers or reformers UNTIL we understand the truth, God, and ourselves! Doesn't this mean that it is inappropriate to preach, to argue, to use anything other than reasonable discussion to come into unity?

Luke 6:46-49  Mt 7:24-27  "Why do you{pl} call me 'Lord, Lord,' and not do what I say?  Every one coming to me and hearing my words and doing them, I will compare to a prudent man, I will show you{pl} what he is like.  He is like a man building a house, who dug, and deepened, and laid the foundation upon rock.  Down came the rain with a flood happening, the winds blew and the stream broke against that house, but could not shake it, it had been founded on the rock.  But he who heard my words and did not perform is likened to a man who built a house on the ground without a foundation.  Down came the rain, the waters came up, the wind blew, and the stream broke against that house, and immediately it fell, and the ruin of that house was great."

Site Commentary: This parable practically explains itself in a way that no one can misunderstand in general, but seemingly almost no one actually performs. The reasonable (righteous) Jesus is clearly the rock  and HIS words, message, and deeds are the materials, but most want to extend the meaning to include letting other so-called prophets and apostles speak for God, usually in the form of "Holy Scriptures". These are NOT the Rock, but the sand.

Matthew 13:1-9  Mk 4:1-9  Lk 8:4-8  In that day Jesus, going out of the house, sat down by the sea.  And large groups came together about him, so that he, entering into a boat, sat there, and the whole crowd stood on the shore.
     And he taught them many things in parables, and in his teaching he said to them: "Listen!  The one sowing went out to sow, and in his sowing some seeds fell along the wayside, and the birds came and ate them.  Other seeds fell on rocky places, where they had not much soil, and immediately they sprang up, because of having no depth of soil; but with the sun rising, they were scorched; and because of having no root, they withered.  Other seeds fell upon thorns, and the thorns grew up and choked them.  Other seeds fell upon the good soil and yielded fruit, some indeed, a hundredfold, some sixty, some thirty.  The one having ears, let him hear."

Matthew 13:18-23  Mk 4:13-20  Lk 8:11-15  "Do you{pl} not understand this parable?  Then how will you{pl} understand all the parables?  Hear then the parable of the sower.  The sower sows the word.  Everyone hearing the message of the kingship and does not understand it, the evil one comes and snatches away what is sown in his heart.  This is that sown along the wayside.  But for what was sown on rocky ground, this is the one hearing the message and immediately receiving it with joy; he has no root in himself, and it is temporary, and when tribulation or persecution occurs over the message, at once he is offended.
     "And that sown among thorns, this is the one hearing the message, but the cares of this age and the deceit of riches and the desire for other things enter in and choke the word, and it becomes unfruitful.  But that sown on good soil, this is the one with a good and reasonable mind hearing the message, who indeed understands it and accepts it and bears fruit, and one produces truly a hundredfold, another sixty, and another thirty."

Site Commentary: The salient point of this parable is almost universally missed because it clashes with the fashionable but false tone of Christendom. It is the man who is rooted in self who is the good soil, who hears the message of the Kingship, and who wants that for himself and others.

Mark 4:26-29"  And he said, "Thus is the kingship of God, as if a man should scatter seed upon the ground, and should sleep and rise night and day, and the seed should sprout and grow as he knows not how, for the earth bears fruit of itself, first the plant, then the ear, then the full grain in the ear.  But when it yields the fruit, immediately he puts forth the sickle, because the harvest stands ready."

Site Commentary: This "Kingship" parable is included because it is so very encouraging. The parable can be interpreted in two different and probably equally valid ways. Either Jesus is the sower and the kingship develops immediately upon the seed planted by him producing the fruit in us, or we are the sower in our own minds and hearts, and the Kingship comes to us upon the seed bearing its natural fruit. Either way, wouldn't the Kingship be imminent?

Matthew 13:24-30"  Another parable he put before them, saying, "The kingship of the heavens is likened to a man sowing good seed in his field; but during the sleep of the men, his enemy came and sowed darnel among the wheat, and went away.  So when the plants sprouted up and bore grain, then the darnel appeared also.  Approaching, the servants of the householder came and said to him, 'Sir, did you not sow good seed in your field?  How then has it darnel?'  He said to them, 'An enemy, man, did this.'  The servants said to him, 'Having gone out, will you have us collect them?'  But he said, 'No; lest in gathering the darnel you{pl} may uproot the wheat along with them.  Let both grow together until the harvest; and at harvest time I will tell the reapers to collect the darnel first and bind them in bundles to be burned, but bring together the wheat into my granary.''"

Site Commentary: Isn't the sower Jesus, and doesn't the "good seed" represent the insights, concepts, doctrines, and truths that he presented and explicated? Doesn't the darnel represent bad doctrines or conceptions (Sin) about God, NOT living beings?  The harvest for all doctrines was at the crucifixion and resurrection; the good concepts and doctrines were then fully demonstrated and the sinful concepts of God were proven false, both for all time.

Matthew 13:31,32  Mk 4:30-32  Lk 13:18,19  He presented them with another parable, saying, "The kingship of God is like unto what?  And to what may I compare it?  The kingship of the heavens is like a grain of mustard seed which, upon taking, a man sowed in his field; it is the lesser of all seeds on earth, but when it is grown is greater than all the plants, and becomes a tree producing large branches, so that the birds of the sky come and roost in its branches."

Site Commentary: Depending on your position regarding universal salvation (universalism), this "kingship" parable can be interpreted in two different ways. Either the sower is Jesus bringing the availability of the kingship to the field of the world and all mankind, or, the sower is the individual looking at, hearing and considering the message of Jesus, and then incorporating it into his belief. The former would seem to imply universalism whereas the latter would imply that all of a person's legitimate needs and desired would be fulfilled. At the end, BOTH the corporate and individual interpretations may be valid, but the latter one MUST be valid.

Matthew 13:33-35  Mk 4:33,34  Lk 13:20,21  He told them another parable. "To what may I compare the kingship of God?  The kingship of the heavens is like leaven which, upon taking, a woman hid in three measures of flour, till it was all leavened."

Site Commentary: See the above commentary for the parable of the mustard seed. Also, when you understand the character of God, the nature of the Kingship and its being imminent, THAT understanding influences, affects and changes everything in your thinking and your life.

Luke 8:16-18; 11:33  Mk 4:21-25  "No one having lit a lamp covers it with a container, or puts it under a couch, but puts it on a stand, that those entering may see the light.  For nothing is hidden which will not be revealed, nor secret, which will not be known and come to be revealed.  If anyone has ears to hear, let him hear."  Then he explained to them, "Be careful how and what you{pl} hear.  By what measure you{pl} measure it will be measured to you{pl}.  And it will be increased to you{pl}, the ones hearing.  For whoever may have, it will be given to him, and who has not, even what he seems to have will be taken away."

Site Commentary: The "lamp" is our intellect, judgment and critical thinking ability, and any concepts entering our domain should be subject to it. As Jesus explains it, isn't this parable a stark and significant inducement to be intellectually responsible in fostering our understanding and belief system?

Luke 11:34-36  Mt 6:22,23  "The lamp of the body is the eye.  So, when your eye is sound and focused, your whole body is brightened; but if your eye is bad, your whole body is dark.  If then the light in you{pl} is darkness, how great the darkness!  Watch then, lest the light in you{pl} is darkness.   If then your whole body is brightened, having no dark part, all will be bright, as when a lamp with its shining illumines you{pl}."

Site Commentary: See the above commentary for the lamp of understanding. If we are not intellectually responsible by being honest, attentive, rational, logical and reasonable, with objectivity, critical thinking and good judgment, how completely dark we truly are!

Luke 11:5-8  And he said to them, "Which one of you{pl} shall have a friend and will go to him at midnight and say to him, 'Friend, lend me three loaves, since a friend of mine has arrived on a journey, and I have nothing that I may set before him'; and the one within answering may say, 'Don't cause me bother; the door now has been shut, and my children are with me in bed; I cannot get up and give to you'?  I tell you{pl}, even if he will not give to him, rising up because he is his friend, yet because of his importunity, rising, he will give to him as many as he needs."

Site Commentary: Even a stranger or a non-friend will usually respond to a neighbor or a fellow citizen in a time of need. Isn't the implication of this parable that God should be inclined to support us even more, and for more than one reason? This parable screams the question, "Why isn't it happening?"

Matthew 12:43-45  Lk 11:24-28  "When the corrupt spirit (mentality) goes out of a man, it passes through arid places seeking rest, but it finds not.  Then it says, 'I will return to my house from which I came.'  And coming it finds it empty, being swept, and being decorated.  Then it goes and takes with it seven other mentalities more corrupt than itself, and entering they dwell there; and the last situation of that man becomes worse than the first.  Thus will it be also with this evil generation."

Site Commentary: Maybe it doesn't need saying again, but this parable CANNOT legitimately be used to justify the thinking that the "spirits" are living beings. This parable is quite appropriately assuring us that it isn't enough to stop believing wrong things, to just come out of a false religion. The vacuum will then either be filled with the truth or just a different form of falsehood and nonsense.
     Evidently, Jesus was applying this parable to his followers including the "disciples". They were not really getting their heads into the issues, not asking him good, relevant questions, not listening to his entire message and believing it. For the most part, these followers proved to be impervious to the understanding that Jesus was trying to foster, and yet took it upon themselves to be God's representatives. The end result was that only a few came to their senses after the resurrection, but the rest not only died or were killed, but they and their misunderstandings became the basis for the world's largest and most powerful yet false religion. The disciples failure to pay more attention, to ask relevant questions and to understand that Jesus was the demonstration of GOD, is nothing short of outrageous, and as such they will be embarrassed until the whole sordid mess is forgotten. They will NEVER be regarded as greater than Mary the prostitute and FRIEND of Jesus!

Luke 12:16-21  And he spoke a parable to them, saying, "The land of a certain rich man produced well.  He reasoned within himself, saying, 'What may I do, for I have nowhere to gather my crops?'  And he said, 'I will do this: I will raze my barns, and I will build larger; and there I will gather all my produce and my goods.  And I will say to myself, Self, you have ample goods laid up for many years; take rest, eat, drink, be glad.'  But God said to him, 'Fool! This night they demand your psyche <usual life> from you; and that which you have prepared, to whom will it be?'  So is the one treasuring for himself, not being rich toward God."

Site Commentary: Whether you apply this parable to tangible financial riches or "virtuous" deeds and accomplishments, neither of these developments will deliver the kingship of the heavens to you. It is ironic that the Jews of Jesus' day were facing an invasion by Rome in about twenty five years, which included the devastation of Jerusalem and the destruction of the temple.

Luke 12:35-40  "Let yourself be dressed and your lamps burning, and be like men awaiting their master, when he returns from the feasts, so that knocking, they will open to him at once.  Blessed those servants whom the master, coming, will find watching; truly, I say to you{pl}, he will gird himself and have them to recline, and coming up he will serve them.  If he comes in the second watch, or even comes in the third, and finds them so, blessed are those servants!  But know this, that if the housemaster had known at what hour the thief was coming, he would have watched and not let his house be broken into.  You{pl} then be prepared; for the Son of man passes at a time you{pl} don't expect."

Site Commentary: The disciples and followers of Jesus were almost to a man still intoxicated with the old religion, the old paradigm, the old thinking, and thereby too stupefied to be intellectually responsible and spiritually alert. Wasn't this parable an attempt by Jesus to inspire them to wake up and pay attention?

Thomas verse 28 has Jesus saying, "I took my place in the midst of the world, and I appeared to them in flesh.  I found all of them intoxicated; I found none of them thirsty.  And my life <psyche> became afflicted for the sons of men, because they are blind in their hearts and do not have sight; for empty they came into the world, and empty too they seek to leave the world.  But for the moment they are intoxicated.  When they shake off their wine, then they will repent."

Matthew 25:1-13  "Then the kingship of the heavens shall be compared to ten maidens who took their lamps and went out to a meeting of the bridegroom. Five of them were prudent, and five were fools. Those fools, having taken their lamps, took no oil with them; but the prudent took oil in their flasks with their lamps. But with the bridegroom delaying, they all nodded and slept. But at midnight there was a cry, 'Behold, the bridegroom comes! Go forth to meet him.' Then all those maidens arose and prepared their lamps.  And the foolish said to the prudent, 'Give us of your oil, for our lamps are going out.' But the prudent replied, saying, 'No, it might not be enough for us and for you{pl}; go rather to those selling and buy for yourselves.'  Upon their going away to buy, the bridegroom came, and those prepared went in with him to the marriage feast; and the door was shut. Later the other maidens came also, saying, 'Lord, lord, open to us.'  But he answering, said, 'Truly, I say to you{pl}, I do not know you{pl}.' Watch therefore, for you{pl} do not know the time nor the situation in which the Son of man passes."[18]

Site Commentary: This last sentence is a reference to Jesus' impending crucifixion and resurrection, and the whole parable applies exclusivelyw2 to that time.

Matthew 25:14-30  "For it is as if a man going abroad called his own servants and entrusted to them his property; to one he gave five talents, to another two, to another one, to each according to his ability; and then went away.  He receiving the five talents, going, traded with them and he gained five other talents.  Likewise, he receiving the two talents gained two other talents.  But he receiving the one talent, going, dug in the ground and hid his master's silver.  So after a long time the master of those servants comes and takes account with them.  And coming forward, he receiving the five talents brought the other five talents, saying, 'Master, you delivered five talents to me; behold another five talents I gained over them.'  His master said to him, 'Well done, good and faithful servant; you were faithful over a few, I will set you over many; enter into the joy of your master.'
     "And also coming forward, the one receiving the two talents said, 'Master, you delivered two talents to me; behold another two talents I gained over them.'  His master said to him, 'Well done, good and faithful servant; you have been faithful over a few, I will set you over many; enter into the joy of your master.'
     Also coming forward, the one having received the one talent said, 'Master, I knew you to be a severe man, reaping from where you did not sow, and gathering from where you did not scatter; fearing this and going away, I hid your talent in the ground.  Behold, you have yours.'  But his master answered him, 'You miserable and slothful servant!  You knew that I reap where I sowed not, and gather where I scattered not?  Then it behooved you to have put my money with the bankers, and coming I would have received my own again with interest.  Therefore take the talent from him, and give it to him having the ten talents.  For to him having, all will be given, and he will abound; but from the one having not, even what he has will be taken from him.  And throw out the worthless servant into the outer darkness; there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.'"

Site Commentary: Remember that the endeavor that Jesus wants from us is to seek the truth, believe what HE says, and then UNDERSTAND. The promise is that the "God Attitude" will teach us all things and lead us into ALL the truth. The talents in the parable represent facets of the truth, and there is just no reasonable excuse for just settling on whatever truth you have (burying it). Is not the slothful servant the one who does not press forward, expand his own, and contribute to the total understanding of the truth?

Matthew 25:31-46  "When the Son of man comes into his glory, and all the holy doctrines with him, then he will sit on his glorious seat of power, and before him will be gathered all the nations, and he will separate them one from another as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats, and he will set the sheep at his right hand, but the goats at the left.  Then will the King say to those at his right hand, 'Come, blessed of my Father, inherit the kingship prepared for you{pl} from the foundation of the world.  For I hungered and you{pl} gave to eat, I thirsted and you{pl} gave me drink, I was a stranger and you{pl} took me in; naked, and you{pl} clothed me, I was sick and you{pl} visited me, I was in prison and you{pl} came to me.'
     "Then the righteous will answer him, saying, 'Master, when did we see you hungering, and fed you, or thirsting, and gave you drink; and when did we see you a stranger and took you in, or naked, and clothed you?  And when did we see you sick or in prison, and come to you?'  And answering the King will say to them, 'Truly, I say to you{pl}, even as you{pl} did it to one of the least of these my brothers, you{pl} did it to me.'
     "Then he also will say to those at his left, 'Depart from me, those cursed, into the fire of all ages prepared for the diabolical one and his doctrines; for I hungered and you{pl} gave me nothing to eat, I thirsted and you{pl} gave me nothing to drink, I was a stranger and you{pl} did not take me in, naked and you{pl} did not clothe me, sick and in prison and you{pl} did not visit me.'
     "Then they also will answer him, 'Lord, when did we see you hungering, or thirsting, or a stranger, or naked, or sick, or in prison, and did not minister to you?'  Then he will answer them, saying, 'Truly, I say to you{pl}, as you{pl} did it not to one of the least, you{pl} did it not to me.'  And these will go away into the punishment of all the ages, but the righteous into the life of all ages."

Site Commentary: The Son of man came into his glory on the cross, and all the true and valid concepts of God (holy doctrines) with him. That WAS his "seat of power". It was a public spectacle, not a private but a PUBLIC DEMONSTRATION that the Creator would rather die than violate our personal and familial sovereignty. The separation of the sheep and goats is a metaphorical one on one hand, and a very real one on the other. Those that don't understand the issues, that don't see the values, love and commitment of the Creator become the goats without even realizing it.
     We should be able to see that the feeding and the slaking of thirst, etc., apply not literally nor tangibly–though of course those may be appropriate–but to the providing and sharing of the truth. Those, that interpret this parable as Jesus literally coming back and ever sitting upon a physical throne in judgment over earthly humans, would be included with the goats. This parable says NOTHING about any ultimate personal destiny.

Luke 13:6-9  And he told this parable: "A man had a certain fig tree planted in his vineyard; and he came seeking fruit on it, and he found none.  And he said to the vinedresser, 'Behold, three years I have come seeking fruit on this fig tree and find none.  Cut it down; why does it even spoil the ground?'  And he answering, said to him, 'Sir, Leave it also this year, until I may dig around it and put on manure, and another if it bears fruit; but if not, in the future you may cut it down.'"

Site Commentary: Again, this parable should not be taken literally in so far as God is NOT in the business of coming back to the earth and destroying anything. You may apply this parable to Israel–probably the most widely held but false interpretation–or to the movements that Jesus spawned, or to the whole earthly population. Without a spiritual healing, an acceptance of the REAL Gospel, and a coming of the kingship, the human race will no doubt either essentially destroy itself or possibly suffer another cometary global disaster or worse. No need for a deistic destructive involvement.

Matthew 13:45,46  "Again, the kingship of the heavens is like a merchantman seeking excellent pearls, who, upon finding one very precious pearl, and going away, has sold everything that he owns and bought it."

Site Commentary: The Kingship of the Heavens is the biggest and best possible-to-imagine dream or vision of the ideal life and environment for the future, and when you settle on it all other aspirations fade into non-comparability. All other scenario constructions would get traded for it. It is the BIG dream, the ONLY vision suitable for eternity.

Matthew 13:47-52  "Again, the kingship of the heavens is like a net thrown into the sea, and gathering together every kind; then when it was filled, men, drawing it to shore and sitting down, collected those valuable into containers, but the worthless they threw out.  So it will be at the finish of the age.  The doctrines will go out and separate the miserable from the reasonable, and will throw them into the furnace of fire; there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth."
     Jesus says to them, "Have you{pl} understood all this?"  They say to him, "Yes, Sir."  And he said to them, "Because of this, every scholar trained about the kingship of the heavens is like a man, a master of a house, who puts out of his treasure new and old."

Site Commentary: The vision of the Kingship of the Heavens as being the unsurpassable fulfillment of our needs and desires, and the truth about God are sorting agents that separate the unworthy concepts, schemes or dreams from the worthy. The miserable get destroyed, and there will be lots of remorse for ever having and/or holding them, and thereby obstructing or delaying the inception of universal healing and fulfillment.

Luke 13:22-30  He traveled throughout towns and villages teaching, and making progress toward Jerusalem.  And one said to him, "Sir, those being saved are few?"  And he said to them,  "Strive to enter by the narrow door; I tell you{pl} that many will seek to enter in and will not have strength.  After the householder is risen and shuts the door, you{pl} begin to stand outside and to knock at the door, saying, 'Lord, lord, open to us.'  He answering says to you{pl}, 'I don't know you{pl}, from where you{pl} are.'  Then you{pl} will begin to say, 'We ate and drank in your presence, and you taught in our streets.'  But he will say, 'I tell you{pl}, I don't know you{pl}, where you{pl} come from; stand away from me, all you{pl} workers of unreasonableness!'  There will be weeping and gnashing of teeth, when you{pl} see Abraham and Isaac and Jacob and all the prophets in the kingship of God and you{pl} being thrust outside.  And they will come from east and west, and from north and south, and relax in the kingship of God.  And behold, some who are last will be first, and some who are first will be last."

Site Commentary: Currently on the stage of the universe, what the humans on earth believe is miserable and shameful, and ultimately no one, not the Creator, nor the unfallen, nor our own human family will be satisfied until that changes. Many religious people are so enthralled with destructive and evil doctrines that they cannot be suitable for inclusion until those concepts are purged and the people "purified".

Luke 14:15-24"  One of those attending with him, hearing these things, said to him, "Blessed, those eating bread in the kingship of God!"  But he said to him, "A certain man gave a great banquet, invited many, and sent his servant at the time for the banquet to say to those having been invited, 'Come; for it is all now ready.'  But they all the same began to beg off.  The first said to him, 'I have bought a field, and I must go out and see it; I ask you, have me excused.'  And another said, 'I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I am going to try them out; I ask you, have me excused.'  And another said, 'I married a wife, and for this reason I cannot come.'
     "Coming up, that servant reported all this to his master.  Then being angry, the housemaster said to his servant, 'Go out quickly to the streets and lanes of the city, and bring in here the poor and maimed and lame and blind.'  Then the servant said, 'Sir, it has been done as you ordered, but still there is room.'  So the master said to the servant, 'Go out to the highways and hedges and compel them to come in, that my house may be filled.  For I tell you, that not one of those men having been invited shall taste my banquet.'"

Site Commentary: This parable hardly needs any interpretation at all. What a vivid description of those caught up in the opportunities and cares of the mundane world. They stand in denial that success in that arena can never satisfy, and that if that were the object of God's program, he would be a miserable father indeed They stand as a constant demonstration that there is no real belief in a God worthy of the term.

Matthew 22:1-14"  Responding, again Jesus spoke to them in parables, saying, "The kingship of the heavens is likened to a man, a king, who gave a wedding feast for his son.  He sent his servants to call those being invited to the wedding.  But they did not wish to come.  Again he sent other servants, saying, 'Tell those invited, Behold, I have prepared my dinner, my oxen and my fatted calves are killed, and everything is ready.  Come to the wedding feast.'  But they, not caring, went off, one to his field, and one to his trading; however, the rest, seizing his servants, insulted them and killed them.
     "Upon hearing of this, the king became angry, and sending his troops, he destroyed those murderers and burned their city.  Then he said to his servants, 'Indeed, the wedding is ready, but those invited were not worthy.  Therefore you{pl} go to the thoroughfare exits, and invite to the feast as many as you{pl} find.'  And going forth into the streets those servants gathered all of many they found, both bad and good; and the wedding was filled with guests.
     "Upon coming in to look at those attending, the king saw there a man not being dressed in a wedding garment.  So he said to him, 'Friend, how did you enter here without a wedding garment?'  But he was silent.  Then the king said to the servants, 'Binding his feet and hands, take him away and throw him out into the outer darkness.  There will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.'  For many are called, but few selected."

Site Commentary: The spectacle of a royal wedding feast hardly does justice to the opening up of the glorious opportunity of becoming a co-equal citizen-king of the universe and having the entire IFISEEKUS package in a healed reality. But Jesus worked with what he had. Again though, most men are so beguiled by their petty mundane affairs, so entranced with their "marvelous and wonderful" fulfilling successes and opportunities in this world that they have no time nor interest in looking higher.
     Again, we need to make sure that we are not inclined to extrapolate the violent activity of the king in the parable to God. The parable just expresses the natural feelings of frustration.
     The man without a wedding garment represents those who think they are fine as they are, even though they do not understand the Gospel truth.

Luke 15:1-7  Mt 18:10-14  Now all the tax collectors and sinners were drawing near to him to hear him.  And the Pharisees and the theologians murmured, saying, "This one receives sinners and eats with them."  {Jesus said}, "See that you{pl} do not despise one of these little ones; for I declare to you{pl} that their messages in the heavens always see the face of my Father in the heavens.  For the Son of man is come to save that which was lost."
     So he told them this parable: "What do you{pl} think?  What man of you{pl}, having a hundred sheep, and one of them wanders away, does not leave the ninety‑nine in the wilderness, and go in search after the one that wandered away, until he finds it?  And finding, he puts it on his shoulders, rejoicing.  Upon coming home, he calls together his friends and neighbors, saying to them, 'Rejoice with me, for I have found my sheep having strayed.'  I tell you{pl}, that there is thus more joy in the heavens over one repenting sinner than over ninety‑nine righteous who have no need of repentance.  So it is not the will in the estimation of your Father in the heavens that one of these little ones should die."

Site Commentary: Again, this parable practically explains itself. Jesus obviously preferred to hang out with the genuine people rather than the religious hypocrites. He understood that you can't be saved until you know you're lost. This world is a wilderness with a death sentence. Until we leave the flock and seek better truths and better answers, we will wander in the wilderness and eat the weeds and grass. Remember that the definition of sin is having and holding a negative misconception of God. That was the original problem and is STILL the problem.

Luke 15:8-10"  "Or what woman, having ten coins, if she loses one coin, does not light a lamp and sweep the house and look carefully until she finds it?  Upon finding it, she calls together her friends and neighbors, saying, 'Rejoice with me, for I have the coin which I lost.'  Therefore, I tell you{pl}, there is joy before the messengers of God over one repenting sinner."

Site Commentary: This parable certainly does not encourage us to settle for the cup being half full. We were meant to have it all, we should want it all, we should seek it all, we should receive it all, not ninety per cent.

Luke 15:11-32"  And he said, "A certain man had two sons.  The younger of them said to the father, 'Father, give me the share of the property falling to me.'  So he divided his livelihood between them.  Not many days after this, the younger son, gathering all his things, went away to a distant country, and squandered his property there, living dissolutely.  Having spent all his means, a severe famine came throughout that country, and he began to be in need.  So going, he was joined to one of the citizens of that country, and he sent him into his fields to feed pigs.  And he longed to fill his stomach from the pods that the pigs ate, but no one gave him anything.  Upon coming to his senses he said, 'How many servants of my father abound in bread, but I am perishing with hunger!  Rising up, I will go to my father, and I will say to him, "Father, I sinned against heaven and before you; I am no longer worthy to be called your son.  Make me as one of your servants.'
     "And rising up he came to his father.  But when yet at a distance, his father saw him and was moved with pity, and running, fell on his neck and fervently kissed him.  And the son said to him, 'Father, I sinned against heaven and before you; I am no longer worthy to be called your son.'  But the father said to his servants, 'Bring out the best robe, and dress him, and give his hand a ring and shoes to his feet; and bring the fattened calf, kill it, and eating, let us be merry; for this my son was dead, and lived again, was lost, now is found.'  And they began to be merry.
     "Now his older son was in the field; and upon coming, he drew near to the house and heard music and dances.  And having summoned one of the children, he asked what this may be.  And he said to him, 'Your brother came, and your father killed the fattened calf, because he received him safe and sound.' But he was angry and did not wish to go in.  Then his father, coming out, pled with him.  But responding, he said to his father, 'Behold, I serve you so many years, and never disobeyed a command of you; and you never gave me a goat, that I might be merry with my friends.  But when this son of yours came, having devoured your livelihood with whores, you killed the fattened calf for him!' So he said to him, 'Son, you are always with me, and everything of mine is yours, for enjoyment.  So, therefore it is proper to rejoice, for this your brother was dead, and lived again; and having been lost was also found.'"

Site Commentary: This parable is one of the most famous and beloved. While some see this parable applying to the earthly human race, others have interpreted it as applying to Christians that have backslidden and then repented, and some theologians have even interpreted it to mean that Jesus himself was the prodigal son acting in our place. Remember that parables are not necessarily analogies. In the thinking of this site, there is no need to make it out to be anything more than a powerful story presenting the joyful acceptance of God over anyone that changes his belief to conform to the truth that Jesus presented. The welcome and the bringing out the best clothes and food represent what is in store for us when we enter the state of the kingship of the heavens.

Luke 16:1-9  He also said to the disciples, "A certain man was rich who had a steward, and this one was accused to him of wasting his goods.  So, calling him, he said to him, 'What is this that I hear about you?  Render the account of your stewardship, for you can no longer be steward.'  And the steward said to himself, 'What may I do, since my master is taking the stewardship away from me?  I am not able to dig, I am ashamed to beg.  I know what I may do, so that when I am removed from stewardship people may receive me into their homes.'
     "Then, summoning each one of his master's debtors, he said to the first, 'How much do you owe my master?'  He said, 'A hundred measures of oil.'  And he said to him, 'Take your statements, and sitting down, quickly write fifty.'  Then he said to another, 'And how much do you owe?'  He said, 'A hundred measures of wheat.'  He said to him, 'Take your statement, and write eighty.'
     "The master applauded the unjust steward because he acted prudently; for the sons of this age are more prudent than the sons of light are in their own generation.  Therefore, I tell you{pl}, make friends for yourselves by means of the false riches, so that when it fails they may receive you{pl} into the everlasting dwellings."

Site Commentary: This is one of the more enigmatic parables. Probably the simple point of it is that it IS prudent to act in our own best self interest. That just happens to be consonant with what God wants for us. No problem, just opportunity.

Luke 16:19-31  "A certain man was rich, and customarily donned a purple robe and fine linen, having been merry day by day in luxury.  And there was a poor man named Lazarus who had been laid at his porch, being plagued with sores and desiring to be fed with the crumbs that were falling from the rich man's table; even the dogs coming, licked his sores.  The poor man died and was carried away by the messengers (angels) to Abraham's bosom.  The rich man also died and was buried.  In the unseen realm being in anguish and lifting up his eyes, he sees Abraham far off and Lazarus in his bosom.  Calling, he said, 'Father Abraham, pity me, and send Lazarus that he may dip the end of his finger in water, and may cool my tongue because I am suffering in this flame.'
     "But Abraham said, 'Son, remember that in your life you fully received your good things, and Lazarus likewise the bad.  But now he is comforted here, you are suffering.  And besides all this, between us and you a great chasm has been fixed so that those desiring to pass from here to you are not able, and none may cross over from there to us.'
     "So he said, 'I ask you then, father, that you send him to my father's house, for I have five brothers, so that he may witness to them that they don't also come into this place of torment.'  Abraham says to him, 'They have Moses and the prophets; let them hear them.'  And he said, 'No, father Abraham; but if one should go to them from the dead, they will repent.'  He said to him, 'If they will not hear Moses and the prophets, they will not be convinced even if one should rise from the dead.'"

Site Commentary: Of course, some use this parable to justify belief in hell and suffering in hellfire, and that is unwarranted. This story most probably did not come from Jesus, but eve if it did, there is no good reason to try to make aspects of this story correspond with anything real. The story cannot be validly intended to endorse Moses and the prophets, but rather just makes the point that human perversity is all but unfathomable. We can have a hard time coming to that uncomfortable conclusion without thinking thereby that maybe something dreadful is wrong with ourselves for thinking such. It is helpful to see that Jesus affirms the perspective that some (most?) people ARE perverse and unreachable. See Thomas verse 28.

Luke 17:7-10  "But who of you{pl}, having a servant plowing or tending sheep, will say immediately to him who comes in from the field, 'Having come, take your ease'?  Rather will he not say to him, 'Prepare something I may eat, and having girded yourself, serve me until I eat and drink; and after this you eat and drink'?  Does he give thanks to that servant because he did the things required of him?  So you{pl} also, when you{pl} have done all things commanded you{pl}, say, 'We are unprofitable servants; we have done what we ought to do.'"

Site Commentary: This parable seems to be a simple admonition to not get too full of ourselves even when we are doing or have done the right thing, which is always in our own self-interest.

Luke 18:1-8  He also told them a parable, to show that it is always right to pray and not faint, saying, "A certain judge was in a city, neither fearing God nor respecting man.  A widow was in that city and she came to him saying, 'Vindicate me from my adversary.'  He would not for a time; but after this he said to himself, 'Even though I neither fear God nor respect man, yet because this widow bothers me, I will requite her, so that, coming, she does not brow beat me to the end.'"  And the Lord said, "Hear what the unrighteous judge says.  And will in no way God requite his elect, those crying to him day and night, and continue having patience over them?  I tell you{pl}, he will requite them speedily.  However, with the Son of man passing, will he find faith (true or adequate belief) on the earth?  Evidently not!"

Site Commentary: We don't have to agree with Luke's commentary in the first sentence to see this short little story as a clever and powerful way to portray the readiness of God to deliver us from the human condition and our "natural" sentence of death. When this parable was presented, it was late in the ministry of Jesus, and the world was on the verge of getting a demonstration that would enable us to believe the best. But no one was really listening or available to believe, and Jesus had found no one that was even able to consider the truth about God without his ultimate demonstration.!

Matthew 20:1-16  "For the kingship of the heavens is like a man, a householder, who went out early to hire workmen into his vineyard.  Upon agreeing with the workmen for a denarius a day, he sent them into his vineyard.  And going out about the third hour he saw others standing idle in the market and said to them, 'You{pl} go into the vineyard too, and whatever is fair I will give you{pl}.'  So they went.  Again going out about the sixth and the ninth hour, he did likewise.  So about the eleventh hour, going out, he found others standing idle and says to them, 'Why do you{pl} stand here idle all the day?'  They say to him, 'Because no one has hired us.'  He says to them, 'You{pl} go into the vineyard also, and whatever is fair you{pl} also will receive.'  With evening coming, the lord of the vineyard says to his foreman, 'Call the workmen and pay them the wage, beginning with the last, back to the first.'  And those coming about the eleventh hour each received a denarius.
     "And coming, the first supposed they will receive more; but they also got themselves each a denarius.  Upon receiving it they grumbled at the householder, saying, 'These last worked only one hour, and you have made them equal to us who have borne the burden of the day and the heat.' But he answering said to one of them, 'Friend, I am not being unfair to you; did you not agree to a denarius with me?  Take yours and go; for I desire to give to this last as also to you.  Or is it not legal for me to do what I desire in my affairs, or is your understanding false because I am good?'  So shall the last be first, and the first last, for many are called, but few chosen."

Site Commentary: When you understand the Gospel and its liberation, you are free from any obligation or burden to work for the Lord or for any other agency. Instead, you are inspired because it is in your own best interest to do certain things. In the parable, the point of everybody getting the same wage–ordinarily a clearly unfair development–is that the "workers" are all working for themselves, and none of them would ever want anybody to get less than the complete package of what we all intrinsically and legitimately want and need. What's not to understand?

Luke 19:11-27  With them hearing these things, and adding, he told a parable, because he was near to Jerusalem and they thought that the kingship of God was about to be revealed immediately.  So he said, "A certain nobleman went to a distant country to receive a kingship for himself and then return.   Having called ten of his servants, he gave them ten minas, and said to them, 'Trade until I come.'  But his citizens despised him and sent a delegation after him, saying, 'We don't want this one to reign over us.'  And it was in his returning, having received the kingship, he commanded his servants to be called, those to whom he gave the money, that he might know what each had gained by trading.
     "The first came saying, 'Lord, your mina has gained ten minas.'  And he said to him, 'Very well, good servant, because you were faithful in the least thing, have authority over ten cities.'  And the second came saying, 'Lord, your mina made five minas.'  And he said to him, 'And you be over five cities.'  Then the other came saying, 'Lord, behold your mina which I saved in a napkin; for I was afraid of you, because you are an exacting man taking up what you didn't lay down, and reaping what you didn't sow.'  He says to him, 'From your own mouth I will judge you, derelict servant!  You knew that I am an exacting man, taking up what I did not lay down and reaping what I did not sow?   Why then did you not put my money onto the bank table?  Upon coming I may have collected it with interest!'  And to those standing by he said, 'Take the mina from him, and give it to the one having ten minas.'  And they said to him, 'Lord, he has ten minas!'  'Because, I tell you{pl}, that to every one having it will be given; but from the one not having, even what he has will be taken from him.  But these enemies of mine, those not wanting me to reign over them, bring them here and execute them before me.'"

Site Commentary: In this parable it is not God that is the nobleman, but the reality of the Gospel, because the minas represent truth and the ability to understand the truth. You can either put your truth in a napkin and store it in a drawer, or you can actively be interested, and expand it. Those that don't expand the truth that they have are spiritually dead. Those that don't want the nobleman to rule over them are just in denial and an impediment to everyone. They need to be identified and marginalized until they wake up and get real. The "execute them" in the parable does not correspond to some final judgment of death or being sent to a literal hell but reflect the frustration of the Gospel believers in trying to share the vision, and have to give up on them for now.
     Let's remember that Luke is gathering to put into his Gospel second, third, and fourth hand accounts some 40 or 50 years after they actually occurred. The phrase in the last sentence could have originally been "banish them" or something similar, but what difference would it make? In a parable like this, total symbolic substitution for aspects of reality is not the intent. The story is a clever and interesting way to make the point about spiritual viability.

Matthew 21:28-32  "How does it seem to you{pl}?  A man had two sons; and having come to the first, he said, 'Son, go work today in my vineyard.'  And he answering, said, 'I will not'; but afterward feeling badly, he went.  And having come to the second he said likewise; and he answering, said , 'I go, sir,' but did not leave.  Which of the two did the will of the father?"  They say to him, "The first."  Jesus says to them, "Truly, I tell you{pl}, that the tax collectors and the harlots go into the kingship of God before you{pl}.  For John came to you{pl} in the way of respectability, and you{pl} did not believe him, but the tax collectors and the harlots believed him.  And you{pl} seeing, did not feel contrite afterward to believe him."

Site Commentary: It should be easy to see that those that think they have the truth but only have falsity are more resistant to the real truth than those that know they DON'T have the truth. The self-righteous contingent is always going to be more reluctant to repent of their false concepts than those whose life style is not so "respectable".

Mark 12:1-12  Mt 21:33-46  Lk 20:9-18  And he began to speak to them in parables and to tell them this parable. "A man planted a vineyard, and put a hedge around it, and dug a wine press, and built a tower, and rented it out to vine-dressers, and went away for a considerable time.  At some point when the time of produce came, he sent a servant to the vine-dressers, to receive from them some of the fruit of the vineyard.  But they having taken him, beat him, and sent him away empty‑handed.
     "Again he sent to them another servant, and having stoned him in the head, they sent him away, insulting him.  Once again he sent another, and that one they killed; and many others, beat some and killing some.  Yet then, having his own one beloved son, he finally sent him to them, saying, 'They will respect my son.'  But those vine-dressers said to one another, 'This is the heir; come, let us kill him, and the inheritance will be ours.'  Upon taking him, they killed him, and cast him out of the vineyard.
     "What will the owner of the vineyard do then?  He will come and destroy the vine-dressers, and give the vineyard to others who will give him the produce in their seasons.

Site Commentary: This parable has the same message as the parable of the pounds. There is no correspondence of the "servants sent out" with earlier or Old Testament "prophets, yet the "beloved son" somewhat represents Jesus. Setting these unintended correlations aside, the point of the story is to highlight how perverse and unreasonable the "vine-dressers", the religious leadership,      really was. The owner of the vineyard is not God but the natural consequences of the Gospel against having a false belief system. Those that maintain such a system will "just die in their sins".

Luke 12:41-48  Mt 24:45-51  Peter said to him, "Master, do you tell this parable for us or also for all men?"  And the Master said, "Who then is the faithful and prudent steward, whom his lord will appoint over his household, to give them their portion of food in due season?  Blessed is that servant his lord will find so doing when he comes.  Truly, I say to you{pl}, he will appoint him over all his possessions.  But if that servant says to himself, 'My lord delays in coming,' and begins to beat the menservants and the maidservants, and to both eat and drink and get drunk, the lord of that servant will come on a day when he does not expect and at an hour he does not know, and will separate him, and will place his portions with the unbelievers, the hypocrites; there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
     But that servant knowing his lord's will, and did not prepare or act according to his will, will be beaten with many lashes.  But he not knowing, and doing what deserved a beating, will be beaten with few lashes.  Everyone given much, of him will much be required; and to whom much was deposited, exceedingly more will be asked of him.

Site Commentary: It should be remembered that the mindset of the people to whom Jesus presented these parable was to be concerned about serving and placating God. After the feeding of the five thousand, when the people caught up with Jesus on the other side of the lake, their overwhelming concern was to ask the question of the age, "What must we do, to be doing the works of God?" Hence, Jesus presented a few parables about servants and masters, but his straightforward answer to the question was, "Believe him whom he has sent."

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